文章摘要
季晓辉,李 茜.剑桥大学?牛津大学 “学院制”教育模式对我国高等教育改革与建设的启示[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2011,(4):256~259
剑桥大学?牛津大学 “学院制”教育模式对我国高等教育改革与建设的启示
An enlightenment from the collegiate system of Cambridge University and Oxford University to high education reform in China
投稿时间:2011-07-06  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 高等教育改革  教育模式  学院制
英文关键词: higher education reform  educational pattern  collegiate system
基金项目:
作者单位
季晓辉 南京医科大学医学教育研究中心,江苏 南京 210029 
李 茜 南京医科大学医学教育研究中心,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      剑桥大学?牛津大学实行别具一格的“学院制”教育模式,在大学内设有两种平行的学院:从事教学?研究及社会服务与科技开发等学术活动的学院,以及进行本科生人才培养教育活动的学院?这种教育模式为不同专业背景的大学生提供了相互交流?相互学习的成长环境,建立了专业教师深入学生学习?成长过程进行全面指导的强力纽带,搭建了以人为本?因材施教?个性发展的育人平台?“学院制”教育模式的内涵正是我国在高等教育改革与建设中需要重塑和固化的核心价值?
英文摘要:
      Cambridge University and Oxford University have been implementing their distinctive educational pattern of collegiate system. Two types of parallel school or college, one for teaching, research, social services, science and technology development and other acedemic activities, named “school”, or “faculty” or “department” and the other for undergradautes’ educational activities and talent training, named “college”, are established in university. Colleges are responsible for enrolling students who major in different specialties and offer the students who live and study in the same college academic guidance and life coaching. Simultaneously employed in a certain college, the majority of course’s staff in a school/department have dual attributes, tutoring small-classed undergraduates and guiding both their life and academic activities. This educational pattern offers undergraduates of different specialties and backgrounds a growing environment of mutual communiciation and learning, builds a strong bond between course’s staff and students by getting involved in their students’ study and offering them comprehensive guidances in the course of their development, and establishes a talent training platform based on human-orientedness, persoanlized instruction and individuality development. The connotation of the educational pattern of collegiate system is just the core value needed to be remodelled and solidified in the higher education reform and construction in our country.
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