文章摘要
王 洁,喻荣彬.流行病学思维在全科医学中的应用及重要性[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2012,(5):407~410
流行病学思维在全科医学中的应用及重要性
Application and importance of epidemiological thinking in general medicine
投稿时间:2012-07-15  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20120522
中文关键词: 流行病学  思维方式  观点  全科医学
英文关键词: epidemiology  way of thinking  viewpoint  general medicine
基金项目:
作者单位
王 洁 南京医科大学康达学院全科医学教研室江苏 南京210029 
喻荣彬 南京医科大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      流行病学与全科医学有共同的研究对象即以人群为基础和共同的研究目的即防治疾病?促进健康等?宏观(群体)?对比?概率统计?多病因论?分级预防及预防为主的流行病学思维方式与观点能够有力地指导全科医疗研究与实践?文章通过分析流行病学思维方式及其在全科医学中的应用及重要性,指出对于全科医学专业学生的流行病学教学首先应培养其流行病学思维方式,其次才是在思维方式指导下学习流行病学研究方法?
英文摘要:
      Epidemiology and general medicine share the same research object and serve the same purpose. Both of them are population-based, aim at disease prevention and control,and health promotion. The epidemiological ways of thinking and viewpoints including macro (population), comparison, probability statistics,the theory of multiple etiologies,grading prevention and prevention oriented can effectively guide general medical research and practice. Through the analysis of the application and importance of epidemiological ways of thinking in general medicine,the article indicated that in epidemiological teaching for students of general medicine,students’ epidemiological thinking should be trained first,and followed by epidemiological research methods under the guidance of epidemiological thinking.
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