文章摘要
曾庆苓.浅谈东西方文化视野下的“堕胎观”[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2013,(6):504~508
浅谈东西方文化视野下的“堕胎观”
“Abortion” is that right or wrong?——A dialogue between eastern and western
投稿时间:2013-08-21  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20130605
中文关键词: 堕胎  东西方文化  医学伦理
英文关键词: abortion  eastern and western culture  medical health care
基金项目:
作者单位
曾庆苓 圣约瑟夫大学医学伦理系,宾夕法尼亚 费城 19131 
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中文摘要:
      文章以东西方学者的人类生命价值和幸福观作为理论依据,以哲学和道德角度为切入点,尝试分析堕胎这种行为的对与错,提出母婴健康的情况下,无合理理由而主动选择堕胎是不道德的行为这一观点?文中分析了几种特殊情况,如胎儿严重畸形?强奸致孕?胎儿的存在威胁母亲身体健康甚至引致生命危险,此时被迫选择堕胎应给予接受并视为合理的行为?文章通过对特殊情况的描述与分析希望引起人们对受孕母亲更多的关注,深刻体察她们的实际情况而非一味地追求绝对的生命存在,阐释在堕胎问题上应何去何从?
英文摘要:
      In both the eastern and western traditions the values of the quality of human life and happiness are commonly used to address the ethical issues associated with abortion. As a young Chinese citizen,born and educated in China,the author argues that aborting a healthy fetus in situations in which the health of the mother is not in serious danger is an immoral act of killing an innocent human being. However,abortion is morally permissible in the cases in which the fetus is affected by serious malformations,the mother’s health is at serious risk because of the pregnancy,and the pregnancy results from a sexual assault. In those cases,a woman has the right to have an abortion. The author’s position on abortion is grounded in Confucian philosophy that encourages both respects of human life as well as making rational decisions in special situations. Some people,especially “pro-life” firmly do not accept “abortion” on the western. The goal of this article is to help readers assume a more tolerant attitude towards women who choose abortion under special circumstances.
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