文章摘要
白 爽.二战时期英国紧急医院服务的问题初探[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2013,(6):513~518
二战时期英国紧急医院服务的问题初探
Problems of the emergency hospital scheme during the world war two in Britain
投稿时间:2013-10-22  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20130607
中文关键词: 紧急医院服务  英国  公民权利
英文关键词: emergency hospital scheme  Britain  civil right
基金项目:
作者单位
白 爽 南京大学历史系,江苏 南京 210093 
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中文摘要:
      1939年英国实行了紧急医院服务计划,以优先救治战争中的军人和伤员,这项战时政策在为英国做出积极贡献的同时产生了一些问题?它剥夺了部分普通民众合法的求医权利,不平等地加重了部分医护人员的工作负担,并暴露出了医疗服务业内的歧视行为?它的成功运行体现出了战争时期公民权利在国家利益面前的牺牲与妥协,同时引发了民众对于医疗服务发展的理性思考,为战后医疗改革奠定了基础?
英文摘要:
      In 1939 the emergency hospital scheme came into operation in Britain. It provided priorities to the service patients and war-related casualties in hospital service. The emergency hospital scheme made a contribution to the success of the war,but it deprived the basic medical needs of ordinary civilian sick,overloaded the hospital staffs with work and exposed inequalities in hospital care and hospital feeding. The success of the scheme was attributing to sacrifice of the personal right of health. It was a reflection of British civilians’ patriotism during the war. Meanwhile,it raised serious doubts about the system of medical service and laid the foundation of the postwar health care reform.
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