文章摘要
徐 静,陈图农,孙 倩.大学生人格偏常维度稳定性追踪[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2014,(5):372~376
大学生人格偏常维度稳定性追踪
The follow-up study of dimensions of personality deviation stability among the university students
投稿时间:2014-07-29  
DOI:doi:10.7655/NYDXBSS20140507
中文关键词: 大学生  人格偏常  人格特质  追踪
英文关键词: university students  personality deviation  personality traits  follow-up
基金项目:江苏省卫生厅卫生科研计划项目(Z201214);南京医科大学哲学社会科学发展专项项目(2013NJZS41)
作者单位
徐 静 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科,江苏 南京 210029 
陈图农 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科,江苏 南京 210030 
孙 倩 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科,江苏 南京 210031 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探讨大学生人格偏常维度跨时间稳定性以及与人格特质的关系?方法:采用一般情况量表?人格障碍诊断问卷第4版以及中国大五人格问卷对4所高校大二学生间隔半年进行两次调查,共追踪到179名被试?结果:重复测量方差分析显示,在反社会人格偏常维度上时间主效应具有统计学意义(F = 7.055,P < 0.01),其余人格偏常维度上时间主效应均无统计学意义;在分裂型?反社会型?边缘型以及自恋型人格偏常维度上性别主效应均有统计学意义(F分别为7.682?16.641?7.060?21.420,P均 < 0.01)?回归分析表明神经质人格特质与人格偏常呈极其显著正相关(t = 6.092,P < 0.01),而宜人性人格特质与人格偏常呈显著负相关(t = -2.169,P < 0.05)?结论:大学生人格偏常维度具有稳定性,神经质和宜人性与人格偏常有关?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To explore the stability of undergraduate students’ personality deviation across time and its relationship with personality traits. Methods: The basic information scale, personality diagnostic questionnaire-4 and Chinese big five personality inventory were used twice a year among sophomores in the four universities. At last 179 students were been tracked. Results: Repeated analysis of variance indicated that among all the factors, only the antisocial personality deviation was statistically significant(F= 7.055,P < 0.01)across time, the rest dimensions of personality deviation showed no statistically significant. Schzotypal, antisocial, borderline and narcissistic personality deviations were statistically significant of gender main effect (F = 7.682,16.641,7.060,21.420,respectively;P < 0.01, all). Regression analysis suggested that neuroticism trait was significantly positively correlated with personality deviation (t = 6.092, P < 0.01), and agreeableness was significantly negatively correlated with it (t = -2.169, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The dimensions of personality deviation were stable among the university students. Neuroticism and agreeableness traits related to personality deviation.
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