文章摘要
魏慜慧,董 洁,魏 磊.门诊医疗会话特征——中国大学校医院与三甲医院的比较[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2014,(6):456~460
门诊医疗会话特征——中国大学校医院与三甲医院的比较
Medical discourses in the outpatient department: a comparison between school clinics and public municipal hospitals in China
投稿时间:2014-08-25  
DOI:doi:10.7655/NYDXBSS20140608
中文关键词: 医患沟通  门诊医疗会话  三甲医院  大学校医院  语境线索
英文关键词: doctor-patient communication  medical discourse in out-patient department  public municipal hospital  school clinic  contextual cues
基金项目:
作者单位
魏慜慧 清华大学外文系,北京 100084 
董 洁 清华大学外文系,北京 100084 
魏 磊 南京医科大学第一附属医院胸心外科,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      医疗会话(medical discourse)是一种特殊的语篇形式,它通常发生于医疗场所,是治疗者和被治疗者之间的会话?文章对校医院和三甲医院这两种不同的语境下医生和患者间的医疗会话模式进行研究,通过将医患间的会话进行录音,定性分析与比对两种语境下的语言模式及特点,考察各语境中的最小应答?话轮?重读音节这三种语境线索的数量与功能?结果表明,在两种语境下,医生都仍然在医疗会话中占据主导地位,但是相对来说,三甲医院的医生采用了更为患者友好的沟通方式?
英文摘要:
      Medical discourse is a special type of discourse that occurs between the healer and the patient in medical situations. This paper examined the medical discourse under two different settings—school clinics and public municipal hospitals—between doctors and patients. By analyzing the language features of conversations recorded under each setting and making a comparison of them in the qualitative way—by studying three contextual cues, including minimal responses, turn-taking and stressed syllables, this paper came to the conclusion that though doctors under both settings still control a large proportion of the communication process, doctors in public municipal hospitals adopted a more patient-friendly way of communication.
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