文章摘要
陈秋竺,林振平,邵倩雯,董庆辉,王小全.南京地区在校大学生对城镇居民基本医疗保险评价的调查[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):15~19
南京地区在校大学生对城镇居民基本医疗保险评价的调查
Survey on college students’ assessments about urban resident basic medical insurance in Nanjing
投稿时间:2014-09-01  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150104
中文关键词: 大学生  城镇居民基本医疗保险  评价
英文关键词: college students  urban resident basic medical insurance  assessment
基金项目:
作者单位
陈秋竺 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
林振平 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
邵倩雯 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
董庆辉 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
王小全 南京医科大学教务处,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解大学生对城镇居民医保的评价,为完善居民医保提供依据?方法:以南京地区为例,采取多阶段分层整群抽样方法,于 2014年使用问卷调查2 233名大学生,分析方法以描述性分析?卡方检验为主?结果:目前大学生对城镇居民医保评价为满意的占比为34.2%?有无医学背景(χ2=17.930,P < 0.01 )?城乡(χ2=7.409,P < 0.05)?年级(χ2=44.626,P < 0.01)?近4周是否不适(χ2=11.257,P < 0.01)?认为作用大小(χ2=209.641,P < 0.01)?认为门诊是否报销(χ2=113.408,P < 0.01)有统计学意义?结论:大学生对居民医保的评价低,受到专业?城乡?年级?受益面窄?受益程度低?了解程度不高的影响,可考虑扩大受益面?提高医疗保障水平?加大宣传力度,提高大学生对居民医保的评价?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To provide suggestions for improving basic medical insurance for urban resident and explore the assessments of college students on the medical insurance. Methods:In 2014, 2 233 students in Nanjing were investigated by the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method and a questionnaire survey was conducted among students. Descriptive analysis and chi-square test were mainly performend to analyze the data. Results: The assessment of college students on medical insurance was about 34.2%. The chi-square test revealed that these factors were statistically significant: with or without medical background (χ2=17.930, P < 0.01),city or village (χ2=7.409, P < 0.05), grade (χ2= 44.626, P < 0.01), feel sick or not in the recent four weeks (χ2=11.257, P < 0.01), evaluation on the function of insurance (χ2=209.641, P < 0.01), submit an expense account or not (χ2=113.408, P < 0.01). Conclusion:College students think poorly of basic insurance for urban residents because of their major,city or village, grade, and the narrow benefit area, the welfare in the low degree, and lack of the insurance knowledge. As a result, suggestions are put forward to improve the assessment of students on the medical insurance that we can expand the benefit area, raise the level of medical care and increase the propaganda.
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