文章摘要
史恒明,钱东福.服刑高血压患者的疾病认知与健康行为调查分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):31~34
服刑高血压患者的疾病认知与健康行为调查分析
Disease cognition and health behaviors among patients with hypertension in prison
投稿时间:2014-11-27  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150108
中文关键词: 高血压  服刑人员  疾病认知  健康行为  防治
英文关键词: hypertension  persons serving sentences  disease cognition  health behavior  prevention and control
基金项目:江苏省“青蓝工程”项目资助
作者单位
史恒明 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210029
江苏省洪泽湖监狱医院, 江苏 泗洪 223932 
钱东福 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解监狱内服刑高血压患者的疾病认知和健康行为,从而探讨高血压的危险因素和防治措施?方法:采用自拟调查表对某监狱所有高血压患者的疾病认知和健康行为进行问卷调查?体格检查,采用Pearson χ2检验等方法进行统计学分析?结果:300例高血压患者对疾病认知度总体较高,吸烟(χ2=56.43?P < 0.001),饮酒(χ2=299.63?P < 0.001),BMI≥24(χ2=89.71?P < 0.001),每天睡眠时间小于6小时(χ2=69.36?P < 0.001),不锻炼(χ2=32.67?P < 0.001),不合理饮食(高钠等)(χ2=126.96?P < 0.001),心情抑郁?紧张?焦虑(χ2=235.63?P < 0.001) 与高血压疾病密切相关?结论:服刑高血压患者的健康行为?BMI等与疾病相关性高,建议加强健康教育和健康促进?增加运动并控制体重指数,减轻精神压力以保持平衡心理?
英文摘要:
      Objectives:To learn about the disease cognition and health behaviors among patients with hypertension in prison, so as to clarify the risk factors of hypertension and the prevention measures. Methods: A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate all the patients’ disease cognition and health behaviors, as well as physical examinationsin a prison. The Pearson chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results: Totally, 300 cases of patients with hypertension had a good overall awareness of the disease. The hypertension disease was highly correlated to smoking (χ2=56.43, P < 0.001), drinking (χ2=299.63, P < 0.001), BMI≥24 (χ2=89.71, P < 0.001), sleeping for less than 6 hours a day(χ2=69.36, P < 0.001), lack of exercise (χ2=32.67, P < 0.001), poor diet (too much sodium, etc.) (χ2=126.96, P < 0.001), depression, stress and anxiety (χ2=235.63, P < 0.001). Conclusions: The hypertension disease among patients in prison was related to health behavior, BMI, etc. Related suggestions were put forward: to strengthen health education and health promotion, to increase exercise and control weight index (BMI), to relieve mental pressure to maintain psychological balance.
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