文章摘要
张思源,黄 飞,汪彦辉,陆 伟,陈家应.家庭收入与新发涂阳肺结核诊治延迟的关系[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):39~42
家庭收入与新发涂阳肺结核诊治延迟的关系
Impact of family income on delays of newly smear positive tuberculosis patients
投稿时间:2014-12-08  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150110
中文关键词: 结核,肺  预防和控制  延迟  家庭收入
英文关键词: tuberculosis, pulmonary  prevention and control  delay  family income
基金项目:中国国家卫生和计划生育委员会比尔及梅琳达·盖茨基金会结核病防治合作项目(51914)
作者单位
张思源 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
黄 飞 中国疾病预防控制中心结核病控制中心,北京 102206 
汪彦辉 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
陆 伟 江苏省疾病预防控制中心,江苏 南京 210009 
陈家应 南京医科大学卫生政策研究中心,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解家庭收入与新发涂阳肺结核患者就诊延迟?确诊延迟和治疗延迟的关系?方法:采用分层随机抽样方法,抽取镇江市3个县(区)192例新发涂阳肺结核患者为调查对象,采用自制调查问卷进行调查?结果:就诊延迟?确诊延迟和治疗延迟的均数为15.92?13.97和1.27天?家庭人均收入均值为14 983.26元?不同家庭收入水平的患者,发生2周以上就诊延迟比例的差异没有统计学意义(P=0.128);但患者选择的医疗机构级别不同,不同级别医疗机构间2周以上确诊延迟比例的差异有统计学意义(P < 0.001)?结论:收入水平已不是影响镇江市新发涂阳肺结核患者就诊延迟的主要因素,但是家庭经济水平仍然通过首诊机构影响着患者的确诊延迟?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the impact of family income on health-seeking, diagnosis and treatment delays for newly smear positive tuberculosis patients. Methods: There were 192 participants from 3 counties in Zhenjiang, which were selected by stratified random sampling method. A questionnaires survey was carried out in this study. Results: The mean of health-seeking, diagnosis and treatment delays was 15.92, 13.97 and 1.27 days, respectively. The mean of family per-capita income was 14 983.26 Yuan. There were no statistically significant differences in unacceptable health-seeking delay among different family income groups (P=0.128). However, a statistically significant difference was found in the level of medical institution initially visited among patients with different family per-capita income and there were a statistically significant differences in unacceptable diagnosis delay among different medical institutions (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Family income was not the main reason of health-seeking and treatment delays for newly smear positive tuberculosis patients in Zhenjiang. However, family income still had effect on diagnosis delay by choosing different medical institution initially visited.
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