文章摘要
张 静.9 522名研究生新生精神健康调查与分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):43~46
9 522名研究生新生精神健康调查与分析
An investigation and analysis on mental health of 9 522 postgraduate freshmen
投稿时间:2014-11-15  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150111
中文关键词: 研究生  新生  精神健康  症状自评量表
英文关键词: postgraduate  freshman  mental health  SCL-90
基金项目:江苏省教育厅高校哲学社会科学研究指导项目(2011SJD190002)
作者单位
张 静 东南大学心理健康教育中心,江苏 南京 211189 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探究研究生群体精神健康及其影响因素,促进我国研究生的心理健康发展?方法:采取整群抽样方法,使用症状自评量表对9 522名研究生新生进行精神健康调查,所有数据使用SPSS21.0进行统计学处理?结果:研究生新生总体精神健康状况较好(阳性指征检出率1.0%~8.4%),强迫?人际关系敏感和焦虑是最为突出的三种精神健康问题;女性?农村?非独生子女及90后?90后独生子女的许多因子分数要高于男性?城市?独生子女及80后?80后独生子女,并且在这些因子上都呈显著或极其显著性差异(P < 0.01或0.001)?结论:研究生精神健康状况仍然面临挑战,应采取针对性措施予以加强?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the mental health of postgraduate students and its influencing factors, and promote the development of the mental health of postgraduates in China. Methods: We used cluster sampling on 9 522 postgraduate freshmen, all data of SCL-90 was analyzed by SPSS21.0. Results: The total mental health of postgraduates was not bad (the positive rate was 1.0%~8.4%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder, interpersonal sensitivity as well as anxiety were the top three mental illness. The factor scores of female, rural, non-only-child, post-90s and only-child of post-90s postgraduate freshmen were higher than those of male, urban, only-child, post-80s and only-child of post-80s postgraduate freshmen. Many differences between them were showed significant or extremely significant difference (P < 0.01 or 0.001). Conclusion: The mental health of postgraduate freshmen still had many obstacles. Therefore, corresponding measures should be taken to reinforce it.
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