文章摘要
陆佳玲,孙 牧,屠小明,赵轶轮,蔡旭兵.综合性大学与医学类院校学生无偿献血的动因比较研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2015,(1):51~54
综合性大学与医学类院校学生无偿献血的动因比较研究
A comparative research on the motivation factors of voluntary blood donation among college students from a comprehensive university and a medical university
投稿时间:2014-08-31  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20150113
中文关键词: 无偿献血  综合性大学  医学类院校  献血动机
英文关键词: voluntary blood donation  comprehensive universities  medical universities  motivation of blood donation
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2012529),南京医科大学科技发展基金重点项目(2014NJMUZD017)
作者单位
陆佳玲 南京医科大学医政学院, 江苏 南京 210029 
孙 牧 南京医科大学康达学院,江苏 南京 210029 
屠小明 南京医科大学基础医学院 江苏 南京 210029 
赵轶轮 南京红十字血液中心,江苏 南京 210003 
蔡旭兵 南京红十字血液中心,江苏 南京 210003 
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中文摘要:
      目的:以南京某综合性大学和某医学院校为例,比较两类学校学生在无偿献血认知?献血参与态度及献血动机方面的差异?方法:通过文献研究?专家咨询及焦点小组评分编制调查问卷?认知差异比较采用卡方检验,态度和动机差异采用t检验?结果:综合性大学学生对无偿献血的认知水平较低?医学类院校学生在献血参与态度方面的得分较高,二者在献血感受上无差异?献血动机方面,医学类院校学生献血的利他性得分较高,在两校暂未献血人群中,医学类院校学生自我效能型和献血奖励型动机得分更高?结论:需加强对综合性大学学生献血知识的普及,根据态度及动机差异采取有针对性的献血宣传及招募?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To compare the differences of common knowledge, attitudes and motivations in voluntary blood donation between students from one comprehensive university and one medical university in Nanjing. Methods: We established questionnaires via document research, expert consultation and focus group discussion. Chi-square test was performed to compare the differences of common knowledge. t-test was performed to compare the differences of attitudes and motivations. Results: Students in comprehensive university known less about blood donation than students in medical universities. The score of attitude towards blood donation in students from medical university was higher than that in students from comprehensive university. No significant differences were found between them in feelings when they are donating blood. The score of motivation of altruism in medical university students was higher than that in comprehensive university students. Among the students who did not donate blood, the score of motivation of self-efficacy and reward in medical university students was higher than that in comprehensive university students. Conclusion: It is necessary to strengthen the popularization of blood donation in comprehensive universities. Suitable broadcasting and recruiting strategies can be established according to the differences between them in motivation and attitudes to donate blood.
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