文章摘要
刘昱辰,陈图农.中学生人格偏常性别差异[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(1):41~44
中学生人格偏常性别差异
Gender differences in abnormal personality traits of middle school students
投稿时间:2015-09-02  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160110
中文关键词: 人格偏常  性别差异  中学生
英文关键词: abnormal personality traits  gender differences  middle school students
基金项目:江苏省卫生厅卫生科研计划项目“青年人格障碍调查与追踪”(Z201214);南京医科大学哲学社会科学发展专项项目“大学生人格特质追踪研究”(2013NJZS41)
作者单位
刘昱辰 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科,江苏 南京 210029 
陈图农 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解中学生人格偏常发生率以及性别差异,对中学生正常人格特质和人格偏常特质进行调查研究,并分析两者之间的关系?方法:采用人格障碍诊断问卷(PDQ-4)和大五人格问卷简版(CBF-PI-B)对扬州?常州和合肥地区3所中学1 350名高一年级学生展开调查?结果:①中学生10种人格障碍的阳性发生率为3.6%~41.1%,最高为强迫型是41.1%,最低为反社会型是3.6%;某些人格障碍分型阳性发生率存在性别差异?②大五人格5个维度中,在神经质?宜人性和开放性维度上存在显著性别差异?③大五人格特质与PDQ-4中人格障碍各分型之间具有显著相关性?结论:中学生存在一定比例的人格偏常问题,男女存在差异?中学生大五人格5个维度与PDQ-4中各人格障碍分型之间具有一定的相关性?
英文摘要:
      Objective:By the investigation of normal and abnormal personality traits of middle school students, we sought to analyze the relationship of them, and to explore the incidence of abnormal personality and gender differences. Methods:The big five personality inventory short version (CBF-PI-B) and personality diagnostic questionnaire version fourth (PDQ-4) had been used to investigate the 1 350 students of middle school students from three different schools in Nanjing, Hefei and Changzhou. Results:(1) Among middle school students, the positive rates of 10 personality disorder subtypes ranged from 3.6% (antisocial) to 41.1% (ocd).There were gender differences of incidence in some personality disorder dimensions. (2) According to the results from the big five personality inventory,significant gender differences were existed in the personality traits of agreeableness, neuroticism and openness.(3) There was a significant correlation between the big five personality traits and personality deviance dimension PDQ-4. Conclusion: The present study suggested that there existed considerable mental health problems related to personality disorders among middle school students and gender differences. The big five personality traits had some correlations with personality disorder trends.
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