文章摘要
王萱萱,胡红岩,郭海健,贾欣欣,陈家应.糖尿病患者健康行为对其生命质量的影响评价——基于江苏省第五次卫生服务调查的实证研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(2):99~104
糖尿病患者健康行为对其生命质量的影响评价——基于江苏省第五次卫生服务调查的实证研究
Effect of health behaviors of diabetics on quality of life: An empirical study of the 5th health services survey in Jiangsu Province
投稿时间:2015-12-16  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160204
中文关键词: 糖尿病  健康相关生命质量  健康行为  体重指数
英文关键词: diabetes  health-related quality of life  health behaviors  body mass index
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划“慢性病风险因素监测与综合干预示范研究”(2013BAI04B02);国家自然科学基金面上项目“中国居民健康相关生命质量评价研究”(71373183)
作者单位
王萱萱 南京医科大学卫生政策研究中心, 医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
胡红岩 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
郭海健 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 211166江苏省疾病预防控制中心健康教育所,江苏 南京 210009 
贾欣欣 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
陈家应 南京医科大学卫生政策研究中心,医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:评价糖尿病患者健康行为对其健康相关生命质量的影响?方法:利用第五次国家卫生服务调查中的江苏省家庭健康询问调查资料,对其中全部糖尿病患者的社会经济学特征?生命质量?健康行为和体重指数进行分析?逐步回归法构建OLS回归模型研究健康行为和体重指数对生命质量的影响?结果:2013年江苏省糖尿病患病率为4.19%?在控制了社会经济学因素后,体重过低对糖尿病患者生命质量的负效应最强?每周锻炼3~5次和锻炼6次及以上对生命质量的正效应基本一致?每周饮酒至少3次则与生命质量具有正相关性?结论:增加锻炼频次对改善糖尿病患者生命质量具有正效应;体重过低会增加糖尿病患者生命质量降低的风险;糖尿病患者饮酒频次对其生命质量的影响需进一步研究确认?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the effect of health behaviors of diabetics on health-related quality of life. Methods:Alldiabetes patients from the household health survey in Jiangsu Province from the 5th National Health Services Survey were included in this study. Socioeconomicstatus, quality of life, health behaviors and body mass index were analyzed. The effects of health behaviors and body mass indexon quality of life were analyzed by stepwise OLS regressions. Results: The prevalence of diabetes in Jiangsu Province was 4.19% . After socioeconomic statusvariables controlled for, low weight had the strongest negative effect on diabetics’ quality of life. Exercising 3~5 times per week had the same effect size with those exercising 6 time and more, both positively associated with quality of life. Drinking at least 3 times weekly had significant positive relationship with diabetics’ quality of life. Conclusion:Enhancing exercise frequency has positive effect on improving the quality of life of diabetes patients. Diabetics with low weight are more likely to have lower level of quality of life. And the association between drinking and quality of life among diabetics need further studies.
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