文章摘要
赵 亮,程向前,曹 茹,盛彤彤,邵海亚.南京医科大学低年级大学生健康素养现状调查[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(3):200~204
南京医科大学低年级大学生健康素养现状调查
Present situation about the health literacy of junior college students in Nanjing Medical University
投稿时间:2016-04-15  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160308
中文关键词: 健康素养  大学生  健康教育
英文关键词: health literacy  college student  health education
基金项目:江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究基金资助项目“江苏省高校大学生健康素养现状及促进对策研究”(2014SJB156)
作者单位
赵 亮 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 211166 
程向前 南京市第二医院人事科,江苏 南京 210003 
曹 茹 南京医科大学第四临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
盛彤彤 南京医科大学第四临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
邵海亚 南京医科大学第四临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解南京医科大学低年级大学生健康素养现状?方法:采用随机整群抽样的方法,对该校197名大学生健康素养进行调查?结果:该校调查对象具备健康素养的比例为16.24%,在健康知识与观念?健康行为与生活方式?健康技能三个维度具备的比例分别为45.17%?5.58%?55.84%;男生健康素养水平高于女生;大一年级健康素养水平高于大二年级;城市生源地调查对象健康素养水平高于农村生源地;父母亲受教育程度影响调查对象健康技能素养;每月生活费较低的调查对象的健康素养水平较高?结论:该校调查对象健康行为与生活方式素养亟需提高,根据调查结果对不同人群开展针对性健康教育,多途径完善学校健康教育工作?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To realize the status of junior college students’ health literacy in Nanjing Medical University. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate 197 medical college students by using the random cluster sampling method. Results: The proportion of students who had held health literacy was 16.24%. The holding rate of health knowledge and concept, the forming rate of health behavior and the mastering rate of health skill were 45.17%, 5.58% and 55.84%, respectively. The holding rate of health literacy among male students was higher than that of female students. The freshman had higher health literacy than sophomore students. The holding rate of health literacy among students from urban areas was higher than that of students from rural areas. Parental educational level and monthly living expenses were relate to health literacy level. Conclusion: The health behavior and lifestyle literacy of the subjects in this university need to be improved. Targeted health education for different groups of college students should be carried out according to the survey results. The work of school health education in multi-ways should be improved.
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