文章摘要
陆婷婷,李 歆.南京市5所高校大学生对抗生素使用知识、态度与行为研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(4):274~280
南京市5所高校大学生对抗生素使用知识、态度与行为研究
Knowledge,attitudes and practices concerning antibiotics use among students from 5 universities:A cross-sectional questionnaire survey in Nanjing
投稿时间:2016-06-06  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160406
中文关键词: 抗生素  知识  态度  行为  大学生
英文关键词: antibiotics usage  knowledge  attitude  practice  college student
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于AMS策略导向的医院抗菌药物管理模式构建:综合评价与准实验干预研究”(71673147)
作者单位
陆婷婷 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
李 歆 南京医科大学.药学院,江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解南京市高校大学生对抗生素使用知识?态度与行为现状,分析影响因素,为制定促进合理用药的政策提供建议?方法:自制5分李克特量表,采用分层整群抽样的方法,对南京市5所高校的618名在校大学生进行问卷调查?结果:共600位大学生完成问卷调查,抗生素使用知识的回答正确率为55.07%,Logistic回归分析表明,专业?性别?户口性质是影响抗生素使用的显著因素?结论:在校大学生缺乏正确的抗生素使用知识?全面准确的态度和合理的用药行为,应该加强对大学生尤其是非医学专业大学生的药品知识教育,改变错误的用药观念和不良用药习惯,提倡合理用药?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To investigate the college students’ knowledge,attitudes and practices concerning antibiotics use in Nanjing and to provide the evidence for formulating policy on rational use of drugs by analyzing the influencing factors . Methods:A self-designed 5-score Likert scale questionnaire was used to investigate a cluster sampling of 618 students of 5 universities. Results:A total of 600 subjects completed the survey instrument,the correct rate of medication knowledge was 55.07%.Logistic regression analysis identified major,grade and home town as independent risk factors for irrational use concerning antibiotics (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Undergraduate students had inadequate knowledge,moderately accurate beliefs and inappropriate practices concerning antibiotics. Education on medication knowledge for college students especially for non-medical students should be strengthened,so as to change the wrong medication concept and bad habits and improve the rationality of medication practices.
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