文章摘要
武继文,黄 丹,王 超.大学生实施CPR急救意愿的调查与比较研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(5):367~371
大学生实施CPR急救意愿的调查与比较研究
Investigation and comparative study on college students’ willingness to perform CPR first aid
投稿时间:2016-07-19  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160507
中文关键词: 心肺复苏  急救  意愿  大学生
英文关键词: CPR  first aid  willingness  college student
基金项目:江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究项目“关于公众参与院前急救的社会调查与可及性研究——以南京地区为例”(2014SJB163)
作者单位
武继文 南京医科大学基础医学院,第一临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
黄 丹 南京医科大学第一临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
王 超 南京医科大学南京医科大学基础医学院,2. 第一临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166第一临床医学院,江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解南京地区大学生实施心肺复苏(CPR)急救的意愿,比较医学生与非医学生急救意愿差异,探求提高大学生施救意愿的途径?方法:采取方便抽样的方式对南京地区208名大学生CPR急救意愿情况进行调查?结果:90.9%大学生都愿意实施胸外心脏按压(CCM);愿意对陌生人实施口对口人工呼吸(MMR)急救的比例远低于愿意对亲人实施MMR的比例(68.3% vs. 88.0%,P < 0.007);女大学生对陌生人和亲人的MMR施救意愿存在显著性差异(P < 0.007);医学生对陌生人MMR施救意愿明显低于对亲人(66.0% vs. 94.9%,P < 0.007),而非医学生无显著性差异;影响大学生对陌生人施救的主要心理障碍是担心没救活伤员,其次是担心被人敲诈?结论:南京地区大学生对陌生人的施救意愿不高;加强科学的培训?制定救助人保护法?严厉打击医闹及伤医事件,以及进行社会主义核心价值观教育是提高大学生急救意愿的主要途径?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To understand the willingness of college students in Nanjing on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) first aid, to compare the differences between medical students and non medical students in CPR first aid willingness, and to explore ways to improve the willingness. Methods: We performed convenience sampling method to investigate the CPR first aid willingness of college students in Nanjing. Results: More than 90% of college students were willing to perform chest cardiac massage (CCM). The ratio of mouth to mouth resuscitation (MMR) to strangers was much lower than the rate of MMR to their relatives (68.3% vs. 88.0%, P < 0.007). There was a significant difference between the female college students’ willingness on the rescue of MMR for strangers and their relatives (P < 0.007). The willingness of medical students on performing MMR for strangers was significantly lower than that for their relatives (66.0% vs. 94.9%, P < 0.007), however, non medical students had no significant difference between them (P > 0.007). The students' main psychological obstacles that impact strangers rescue was afraid not to save the wounded, followed by the fear of being blackmailed. Conclusion: The willingness of college students in Nanjing for rescue strangers is not high. Strengthening scientific training, formulating rescue protection law and cracking down on medical trouble and injury medical incidents and carrying out the education of socialist core values for children are the main ways to improve the first-aid intention.
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