文章摘要
徐 斌,刘 虹,傅锡南,薛 霞,严美莹.无锡市某区残疾人辅助器具需求分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(5):384~388
无锡市某区残疾人辅助器具需求分析
A demand analysis for assistant devices used by disabled in a district of Wuxi city
投稿时间:2016-07-21  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20160511
中文关键词: 辅助器具  需求分析  残疾
英文关键词: assistant device  demand analysis  disable
基金项目:
作者单位
徐 斌 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 211166
无锡市滨湖区残疾人联合会,江苏 无锡 214062 
刘 虹 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 211166 
傅锡南 无锡市滨湖区残疾人联合会,江苏 无锡 214062 
薛 霞 无锡市滨湖区残疾人联合会,江苏 无锡 214062 
严美莹 无锡市滨湖区残疾人联合会,江苏 无锡 214062 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探索不同状况下残疾人辅助器具的需求差异,找出原因,为制定辅助器具服务政策和合理配发辅助器具提供客观依据?方法:基于全国残疾人基本服务状况和需求专项调查,通过横断面调查获取无锡市某区9个街道(镇)残疾人及疑似残疾儿童的调查问卷6 188份?调查内容包含基本信息?残疾类别?残疾等级?教育文化程度等?采用SPSS22.0 统计软件进行Logistic回归分析?结果:残疾人的辅助器具需求受到残疾种类(P < 0.001)?残疾等级(P < 0.001)?年龄(P = 0.024)?就业情况(P = 0.002)和前一年是否获得辅具(P < 0.001)的影响,性别(P = 0.805)?婚姻状况(P = 0.459)?社保状况(P = 0.195)与教育文化状况(P =0.451)无影响作用?结论:听力?视力?肢体?多重残疾会导致辅助器具需求升高,重度残疾?儿童和老人?未就业和前一年获得辅具都能预示人群较高的辅具需求?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore demand differences for assistant devices among the disabled in different conditions, find out the root causes, and offer the foundations for the future development planning of the policy and service. Methods: Based on a national special survey of the basic service and demand, 6188 cases of the disabled and suspected disabled children were collected from one district with 9 streets (towns) in Wuxi. The questionnaire included basic information, disability categories, level of disability, degree of education, etc. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for data analysis. Results: The disabled demand for assistant device was definitely affected by different ages (P=0.024), disability categories (P < 0.001), level of disability (P < 0.001), employment situation (P=0.002) and whether access to assistant devices in the previous year (P < 0.001), while gender (P=0.805), marital status (P=0.459), social security category (P=0.195), and educational level (P=0.451) made no evident impact. Conclusion: Disability in vision, hearing, limbs, and multiple disabilities increase the potential needs for assistive devices. There is a higher demand in the disabled who was children or the aged, unemployed, severely disabled, acquired assistant devices in the previous year than others.
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