文章摘要
眭爱萍,陈图农,韩 瑜.人格偏常特质的性别差异研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(3):199~203
人格偏常特质的性别差异研究
Gender differences in abnormal personality trait
投稿时间:2016-11-15  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170307
中文关键词: 人格特质  人格障碍  性别差异
英文关键词: personality traits  personality disorders  gender differences
基金项目:江苏省卫生厅卫生科研计划项目“青年人格障碍调查与追踪”(Z20124)
作者单位
眭爱萍 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
陈图农 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
韩 瑜 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:从性别差异的角度探索人格障碍与人格偏常特质之间的关联。方法:采用方便抽样的方法,以南京市高校大学生为研究群体,实施问卷测量,采用SPSS23.0与Mplus软件对结果进行分析。结果:①女性回避型人格障碍得分显著高于男性,而分裂型、自恋型、反社会型人格障碍得分显著低于男性;多维度特质模型中,在5个维度与25项特质上部分特质存在性别差异。②在女性样本中,人格障碍与负性情感、敌意和焦虑、欺诈、冷漠特质相关;而在男性样本中,人格障碍与负性情感、解离、失抑制和分离恐惧、敌对、持续性、多疑、避免亲密特质相关。③父亲的受教育程度在敌意维度和人格障碍之间起到部分中介效应。④欺诈和冷漠特质的交互作用对人格障碍起到反向调节的作用。结论:人格障碍和人格偏常特质存在性别差异。
英文摘要:
      Objectives:This paper aimed to explore the relationship between personality disorder and personality traits from the perspective of gender differences. Methods: This paper used the principle of convenient sampling. A questionnaire survey was conducted among the undergraduates in Nanjing. SPSS 23.0 and Mplus software were used to carry out t-test, regression analysis and mediation effect analysis. Results: (1) The avoidance personality disorder score of female was significantly higher than that of male, while the scores of schizoid, narcissistic and antisocial personality disorder of female were significantly lower than those of male. In the multi-dimensional trait model, there were gender differences in the 5 dimensions and the 25 characteristics. (2) In female samples, personality disorder was associated with negative affectivity, antagonism and anxiousness, deceitfulness, and callousness. In the male sample, personality disorder was associated with negative affectivity, detachment, disinhibition, separation insecurity, hostility, perseveration, suspiciousness, and intimacy avoidance. (3) The education level of father played a part of the intermediary effect between the antagonism and the personality disorder. (4) The interaction of deceitfulness and callousness played an inverse role in personality disorder. Conclusion: There are gender differences in personality disorder and personality traits.
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