文章摘要
林小亚,欧红霞,李 桦,杨 昕.心理韧性量表在强制戒毒人群的信效度检验[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(3):204~207
心理韧性量表在强制戒毒人群的信效度检验
Reliability and validity of CD-RISC resilience scale in drug abusers on treatment
投稿时间:2016-12-22  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170308
中文关键词: 心理韧性  评定量表  信度  效度  强制戒毒人群
英文关键词: resilience  rating scale  reliability  validity  drug abusers on treatment
基金项目:
作者单位
林小亚 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
欧红霞 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
李 桦 安徽省南湖强制隔离戒毒所医院安徽 宣城 242000 
杨 昕 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:探索Connor-Davidson心理韧性量表(Connor-Davidson resilience scale,CD-RISC)在强制戒毒人员中应用的信度和效度。方法:对656名强制戒毒人员施测自译的CD-RISC量表,并对测量结果进行信效度分析。结果:对施测结果进行探索性因素分析后获得五因素模型,分别为主体性、问题处理、稳定性、坚韧性和持续性,累积方差解释为56.94%;总量表及各因子的Cronbach α系数为0.628~0.905;总分与各因子的重测信度系数为:0.633~0.853;验证性因素分析结果良好,且优于源量表在该人群中的应用;量表总分及主体性、坚韧性因子与中国大五人格问卷简式版中的神经质因子的相关性具有统计学意义。结论:CD-RISC量表修订后的五因素模型在强制戒毒人群中运用良好,适用于该人群的心理韧性指标研究。
英文摘要:
      Objective:To explore the reliability and validity of Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) in drug abusers on treatment. Methods:A total of 656 compulsory drug addicts were tested with CD-RISC,and the reliability and validity of the measurement results were analyzed. Results:After exploratory factor analysis,5 factor models were obtained,including subjectivity,problem processing,stability,tenacity and persistence. The cumulative variance was explained as 56.94%. The Cronbach alpha coefficient of the total scale and each factor was 0.628~0.905;The test-retest reliability coefficient of the total score and each factor was:0.633~0.853;Confirmatory factor analysis results were good and better than the source scale in this population. The correlations between the total score,subjective and tenacity factors and neuroticism factors in the Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory brief version (CBF-PI-B) were statistically significant. Conclusion:The revised CD-RISC with 5 factor model has good use in drug abusers on treatment,and applicable to the psychological toughness index of this population.
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