文章摘要
杨舒馨薏,洪 倩,蔡广菊,周伟强,郝 玉.安徽省无偿献血者知信行调查[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(4):286~289
安徽省无偿献血者知信行调查
The knowledge-attitude-practice of voluntary blood donors in Anhui Province
投稿时间: 2017-02-17  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170407
中文关键词: 无偿献血  再次献血  知信行  安徽省
英文关键词: voluntary blood donation  redonation  knowledge-attitude-practice  Anhui Province
基金项目:安徽省教育厅高校人文社会科学重点研究项目“新医改进程中安徽省无偿献血可持续性发展现状和推进策略研究”(SK2016A0474)
作者单位
杨舒馨薏 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
洪 倩 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
蔡广菊 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
周伟强 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
郝 玉 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032 
摘要点击次数: 22
全文下载次数: 29
中文摘要:
      目的:分析安徽省无偿献血招募中存在的问题,为有针对性地干预献血行为,制定招募策略提供依据。方法:采用自制调查问卷对安徽省皖中、皖北、皖南地区三市街头献血者进行调查,分别在三市随机抽取3个采血点收集数据,进行数据分析。结果:共调查街头献血者583人,皖中250人,皖南105人,皖北228人。初次献血者255人(43.7%),重复献血者294人(50.4%)。献血者无偿献血相关政策知晓率为52.3%,知识知晓率为71.4%;重复献血者相关知识掌握程度(72.6%)高于初次献血者(70.1%,P<0.05);献血者重复献血的影响因素有地区差异、职业差异及家人是否献血。不愿意再次献血的人大多数是因为怕疼痛和怕传染疾病。结论:安徽省无偿献血者知信行有待提高,同时为了巩固与保留现有献血者,应优化献血奖励机制及扩大献血有益身体健康方面的宣传,为临床用血提供充分保障。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To understand and analyze the problems existing in the recruitment of voluntary blood donor in Anhui Province, so as to provide evidence for targeted intervention in blood donation and the formulation of recruitment strategies. Methods: We used a self-designed questionnaire to investigate the blood donors in three cities from middle, northern, and southern Anhui Province. Three blood sampling points were randomly selected in the three cities, and data were collected for data analysis. Results: A total of 583 street donors were surveyed, 250 in middle Anhui, 105 in southern Anhui, and 228 in northern Anhui. The number of first-time blood donors were 255 (43.7%), and 294 (50.4%) were repeated blood donors. Blood donation policy witting rate was 52.3%, and knowledge witting rate was 71.4%. Repeated blood donors offer the relevant knowledge to master the degree (72.6%) was higher than first-time blood donors (70.1%). The factors affecting donor repeat blood donation were regional differences, occupational differences, and whether their family members donate blood. Most of the donors who do not want to repeat blood donation were afraid of pain and fear of infectious diseases. Conclusion: The knowledge-attitude-practice of volunteer blood donors in Anhui Province should be improved. At the same time, in order to consolidate and retain existing blood donors, we should improve the incentive mechanism of blood donation and the propaganda of health benefit of blood donation to provide adequate protection for the clinical use of blood.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭