文章摘要
安玲玉.体外受精胚胎的法律属性[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(4):300~304
体外受精胚胎的法律属性
The legal attribute of IVF embryo
投稿时间:2017-03-27  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170410
中文关键词: 体外受精胚胎  法律属性  定位
英文关键词: in vitro fertilization embryos  legal attribute  localization
基金项目:安徽财经大学研究生科研创新基金项目“体外受精胚胎性质及去向的案例实证研究”(ACYC2016234)
作者单位
安玲玉 安徽财经大学法学院 安徽 蚌埠 233000 
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中文摘要:
      人类辅助生殖技术及其各种衍生技术的成功与进步,在向世人显示现代医学技术伟大成果的同时,也带来了这一技术所特有的问题,尤其是体外受精胚胎的法律属性问题。主流的三大学说中,主体说模糊了体外受精胚胎的特殊性,虽然其属于人格利益,但是却不是人格生命;客体说会造成利益分配不均,忽视了体外胚胎发育成完整生命的潜在可能性;折中说既能维护人的生命伦理尊严,也能够平衡后代、妇女权益和科学发展三者的管理。现阶段我国关于体外受精胚胎的法律属性的立法位阶低,规定不明确,立法亟待完善。
英文摘要:
      Human assisted reproductive technology and its various derivatives of success and progress of technology in modern medical technology show great achievements to the world, at the same time also bring the peculiar technical problems, in which the key one is about the legal attribute of in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryo. In the legal attribute of IVF, the three mainstream theories are subject, object, and the intermediary theories. The subject theory blurs the specificity of IVF embryos, although it belongs to the personal benefits, but not personal life; The object theory leads to unequal distribution of interests, and ignores the potential possibility of in vitro embryo develop into complete life; The intermediary theory maintains the dignity of human life ethics, also balances the rights and interests of women and children and the scientific development. At present, IVF embryo law attribute of our country is in low rank of legislation, the provisions are not clear, and legislation needs improvement.
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