文章摘要
陈奕荣,杨广帅.大学生就业压力、生涯适应力与自杀意念的关系研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(5):399~402
大学生就业压力、生涯适应力与自杀意念的关系研究
Employment pressure, career adaptability and suicidal ideation among college students
投稿时间:2017-06-29  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20170513
中文关键词: 就业压力  自杀意念  生涯适应力  大学生
英文关键词: employment pressure  suicidal ideation  career adaptability  college students
基金项目:福建省社科基金青年项目“大学生生涯心理资源:结构、特点、机制与应用研究”(FJ2015C082);泉州师范学院青年博士预研基金项目(2015QBSK05)
作者单位
陈奕荣 泉州师范学院教育科学学院福建 泉州 362699 
杨广帅 泉州师范学院教育科学学院福建 泉州 362699 
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中文摘要:
      目的:考察生涯适应力在大学生就业压力与自杀意念之间所起的作用。方法:采用大学生就业压力问卷、大学生生涯适应力问卷(CSCAQ)、自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS),随机抽取河南省和福建省五所高校大三和大四学生360人进行调查。结果:男女大学生在就业压力和自杀意念上存在显著差异(P<0.05),大四学生就业压力明显高于大三学生(P<0.05);相关分析表明,大学生就业压力与自杀意念呈显著正相关(r=0.398,P<0.001)、与生涯适应力呈显著负相关(r=-0.180,P<0.01),生涯适应力与自杀意念呈显著负相关(r=-0.431,P<0.001)。结构方程模型分析显示,大学生生涯适应力在大学生就业压力和自杀意念之间存在显著中介作用(P<0.001)。结论:大学生就业压力存在年级和性别差异,就业压力是自杀意念的一个重要影响因素。加强大学毕业生生涯适应力的培养,可有效降低由就业压力引发的自杀意念。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To investigate the relationships between employment pressure, career adaptability and suicidal ideation among college students. Methods: The random sampling was performed to select 360 junior and senior students from five schools of Henan and Fujian. The university graduate employment pressures questionnaire, college students’ career adaptability questionnaire (CSCAQ) and self-rating idea of suicide scale (SIOSS) were used for investigation. Results: Significant gender differences were found in employment pressure and suicidal ideation (P<0.05). The employment pressure of senior students was significantly higher than that of junior students (P<0.05). The results showed that the employment pressure of college students was positively related to suicidal ideation (r=0.398,P<0.001), and negatively related to career adaptability (r=-0.180,P<0.01); and career adaptability and suicidal ideation were negatively correlated (r=-0.431,P<0.001). Multiple regression analysis showed that career adaptability played a mediate role between employment pressure and suicidal ideation (P<0.001). Conclusion: College students’ employment pressure was significant differences in grade and sex variables, and influenced suicidal ideation significantly. Improving the career adaptability of college graduates’ can effectively reduce the suicidal ideation caused by employment pressure.
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