文章摘要
吴秀云.人类遗传资源惠益分享法律机制探析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(2):107~111
人类遗传资源惠益分享法律机制探析
Analysis on the benefit sharing mechanism of human genetic resources
投稿时间:2017-10-03  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180206
中文关键词: 人类遗传资源  惠益  分享  共同商定
英文关键词: human genetic resources  benefit  sharing  agreed upon
基金项目:安徽省高校人文社会科学重点研究基地安徽医科大学医学人文研究中心项目“干细胞临床研究的伦理审查与法律规范研究”(SK2016A048)
作者单位
吴秀云 安徽医科大学马克思主义学院安徽 合肥 230032 
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中文摘要:
      人类遗传资源是国家重要的战略资源,宝贵的社会财富,尤其在生物产业中发挥着重要作用。我国拥有丰富的人类遗传资源,但在遗传资源的研究中,因技术、资金受限一直处于劣势。与此同时,发达国家却免费获取人类遗传资源并进行技术垄断,造成利益分配的严重不均衡。为了促进公平正义、利益均衡,我国亟待构建人类遗传资源惠益分享的法律机制,在立法中明确惠益分享的实施原则及具体类型。
英文摘要:
      Human genetic resources are important strategic resources and valuable social wealth,especially in the biological industry. China has abundant human genetic resources,but in the research of genetic resources,it has been at a disadvantage due to its technology and capital limitation. At the same time,the developed countries are free to obtain human genetic resources and conduct technical monopoly,resulting in a serious imbalance of interest distribution. In order to promote fairness,justice and balance of interests,we need to build the benefit sharing mechanism of human genetic resources,and make clear the implementation principle and specific type of benefit sharing in legislation.
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