文章摘要
韩 瑜,陈图农,孙青青,丁 锐.偏常人格大学生个体的决策功能研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(2):118~121
偏常人格大学生个体的决策功能研究
A study on decision⁃making of college students with deviant personality
投稿时间:2017-12-13  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180208
中文关键词: 人格偏常  大学生  人格特质  PID-5  决策功能
英文关键词: deviant personality  college student  personality trait  PID-5  decision-making
基金项目:江苏省卫生厅卫生科研计划基金资助项目“青年人人格障碍调查与追踪”(Z201214)
作者单位
韩 瑜 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
陈图农 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
孙青青 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
丁 锐 南京医科大学附属脑科医院医学心理科江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的: 探究偏常人格大学生的决策功能特征。方法: 采用爱荷华博彩测试(Iowa Gambling Task)对55例人格偏常大学生、31例健康对照组进行决策功能的测试,并对两组被试进行DSM-5人格量表(PID-5)测试,比较两组决策功能及PID-5结果。结果: 两组被试逐渐减少A卡片(F=18.17,P <0.01)的选择数,逐渐增加D卡片(F=12.93,P<0.01)的选择数,净不利卡片数(A+B)-(C+D)呈现显著下降的趋势(F=9.25,P<0.01)。A卡片选择数占总不利卡片选择数的比例,人格偏常组显著高于对照组(t=-2.24,P=0.03)。净不利卡片数(A+B)-(C+D)在人格偏常组与对照组之间无统计学差异(t=-0.61,P=0.55)。PID-5的敌意维度与净不利卡片数存在显著相关(r=0.38,P<0.01);敌意维度下的敌对(r=0.25,P=0.02)、操控(r=0.25,P=0.02)、欺诈(r=0.25,P=0.02)、傲慢(r=0.36,P<0.01)、寻求关注(r=0.32,P<0.01)、冷漠(r=0.26,P=0.02)与净不利卡片数之间显著相关。结论: 偏常人格大学生倾向于冒险决策,且决策功能与敌意维度及相关特质有关。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To explore the decision?making characteristics of college students with deviant personality. Methods: A total of 55 students with deviant personality and 31 healthy control students were enrolled. The Iowa Gambling Task(IGT) was conducted and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5(PID-5) was administered to compare the decision?making and PID-5 results between the two groups. Results: Two groups dropped off card A’s chooses(F=18.17, P<0.01) and increased card D’s chooses(F=12.93, P<0.01) gradually. The indexes of(A+B)-(C+D) of two groups were decreased significantly during the IGT test(F=9.25, P<0.01). The deviant personality group showed significantly higher ratio of A/(A+B) than the control group(t=-2.24, P=0.03). There were no significant differences of indexes of(A+B)-(C+D) between two groups(t=-0.61, P=0.55). There was a significant correlation(r=0.38, P<0.01) between antagonism dimension and(A+B)-(C+D); The six traits belonging to antagonism had significant correlation with(A+B)-(C+D): hostility(r=0.25, P=0.02), manipulativeness(r=0.25,P=0.02), deceitfulness(r=0.25, P=0.02), grandiosity(r=0.36, P<0.01),attention seeking (r=0.32, P<0.01), callousness(r=0.26, P=0.02). Conclusion: The deviant personality people tend to taking risky strategy in decision?making, and the decision?making strategy may be associated with personality trait antagonism dimension.
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