文章摘要
沈 超,刘 虹.临床共情的基本路径研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(3):182~187
临床共情的基本路径研究
Research on the situation of clinical empathy pathway
投稿时间:2018-02-13  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180304
中文关键词: 共情  临床共情  临床工作者  医学人文关怀
英文关键词: empathy  clinical empathy  medical staff  medical humanistic care
基金项目:江苏省社科基金项目“医院人文建设与公立医院改革发展研究”(13GLB010)
作者单位
沈 超 南京市红十字医院医务科 江苏 南京 210001 
刘 虹 南京医科大学人文医学协同创新中心 江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:开展临床共情基本路径研究,调查共情基本路径执行现状,为共情临床实践提供建议。方法:利用自行设计的调查问卷,采用分层随机抽样方法,对江苏省8所公立医院825名临床工作者和在这些医疗机构就诊的807例患者的临床共情基本路径现状进行调查和分析,对医务工作者和患者共情的认知状况进行比较。结果:在临床共情基本路径中的神态、情绪、倾听、微笑环节,医务工作者与患者的认知存在偏差;在耐心、专注、语言、告知、解释环节临床工作者均表现不佳。结论:临床工作者各路径环节表现不佳,需结合临床共情路径的内涵和实施方法,促进临床共情实践的实现和发展。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To understand the situation of clinical empathy pathway, and to provide advices to practice and improve clinical empathy pathway. Methods: According to stratified random sampling, we selected 825 medical staff and 807 patients from 8 public hospitals in Jiangsu Province. The clinical empathy pathway data were investigated by a self?designed questionnaire and calculated by statistical methods. Results: There were significant differences between medical staff and patients about answering the scenes of clinical empathy pathway including manner, emotion, listening, and smiling. Medical staff were under performing in patience, concentration, language, informing, and explaining. Conclusion: Clinic worker need to be combined with Connotation and implementation methods for realizing and developingpractice,because,clinic worker are not good for every part.
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