文章摘要
陆 方,黄 颖,林振平.小型民营医疗机构医务人员工作压力及影响因素研究[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2018,(3):193~196
小型民营医疗机构医务人员工作压力及影响因素研究
Research on job stress and influencing factors of medical staff in small private medical institutions
投稿时间:2017-11-02  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20180306
中文关键词: 小型民营医疗机构  医务人员  工作压力  影响因素
英文关键词: small private medical institutions  medical staff  work pressure  influencing factors
基金项目:江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究项目“小型民营医疗机构医疗质量监管评价体系研究”(2014SJB158);南京医科大学卫生政策研究中心重点研究课题“南京市民营医疗机构医疗服务质量监管评价模型构建及应用研究”(JX10317632); 南京市医学科技发展项目 “南京城区小型民营医疗机构医疗质量监管机制研究”(YKK12171);南京医科大学哲学社会科学重点研究课题“分级诊疗模式下南京市医院与社区卫生服务中心分工协作机制研究”(2016ZSZ004)
作者单位
陆 方 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
黄 颖 南京市卫生监督所办公室 江苏 南京 210003 
林振平 南京医科大学医政学院 江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解小型民营医疗机构医务人员的工作压力,分析其影响因素,为缓解医务人员工作压力,提高其生活质量,降低离职率提供借鉴。方法:采用描述性统计、卡方检验和Ordinal回归分析医务人员的工作压力及影响因素。结果:91.79%的被调查者觉得工作对个人能力有很高要求;68.13%的被调查者认为工作紧张度高;55.84%的医务人员每周工作时间长于法定工作时间(40小时);72.39%的医务人员感觉工作压力大,其中每周工作时间、工作紧张度是医务人员工作压力的主要影响因素。结论:小型民营医疗机构管理者应该搭建医务人员培训进修的平台,合理安排医务人员的工作时间,提供舒适的工作环境,招募更多更好的技术人才,激励现有医务人员提高工作效率,加强心理健康的宣传教育;医务人员应该积极、乐观应对工作压力,融入医院工作与生活。
英文摘要:
      Objective: To understand the working pressure of medical personnel in small private medical institutions, analyze their influencing factors, provide reference for alleviating the working pressure of medical personnel, in order to improve their quality of life and reduce their turnover rate. Methods: Descriptive statistics, chi?square test and ordinal regression were used to analyze the working pressure and influencing factors of medical staff. Results: A total of 91.79% of the respondents felt that the work had a lot of personal capacity requirements; 68.13% of the respondents thought that the work tension was high; 55.84% of the medical staff worked longer than the statutory working hours (40 hours) per week; 72.39% of the medical staff felt high pressure of work. Weekly working hours and job stress were the main influencing factors of working pressure for medical staff. Conclusion: Small private medical institutions should set up a training platform for medical personnel training, reasonable arrangements for medical staff working hours, provide a comfortable working environment, recruit more and better technical personnel, encourage existing medical staff to improve work efficiency, strengthen mental health of the publicity and education. Medical staff should be positive, optimistic response to work pressure, integrate into the hospital work and life.
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