文章摘要
张书帏,王琳琳,江 琴.福建省三甲综合医院医务工作者心理健康状况调查[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2019,(2):124~128
福建省三甲综合医院医务工作者心理健康状况调查
A survey on mental health status among the staff of comprehensive hospitals of the third grade in Fujian Province
投稿时间:2018-11-30  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20190210
中文关键词: 医务工作者  一般健康问卷  心理健康  三甲综合医院  福建省
英文关键词: medical workers  GHQ⁃12  mental health  third grade comprehensive hospitals  Fujian Province
基金项目:福建省科技厅软科学项目“福建省科技人才心理健康与其影响因素的模型构建”(2014R0046)
作者单位
张书帏 福建医科大学人文学院 福建 福州 350122 
王琳琳 福建医科大学人文学院 福建 福州 350122 
江 琴 福建医科大学人文学院 福建 福州 350122 
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中文摘要:
      采用一般健康问卷(GHQ-12)对福建省26所三甲综合医院的946名医务工作者进行调查分析,了解医务工作者心理卫生状况,为其干预研究提供参考依据。结果显示, 女性医务工作者心理健康状况显著差于男性医务作者(χ2=7.301,P=0.007);护理部门医务工作者心理状况显著差于医疗、医技和药剂部门(χ2=14.046,P=0.003);年轻的、工龄较短的医务工作者心理健康状况显著差于年龄大的、工龄较长的医务工作者(χ2=11.604,P=0.003;χ2=10.057,P=0.007);职称低的医务工作者心理健康状况显著差于职称高的医务工作者(χ2=8.446,P=0.015);仅有一个未成年子女的医务工作者的心理健康状况优于没有或拥有两个未成年子女的医务工作者(χ2=9.369,P=0.009)。回归分析显示,预测医务工作者良好心理健康水平的显著因素是社会贡献感和社会归属感。应鼓励医务工作者进修深造、参与体育运动,培养其工作贡献感与归属感,重点关注女性、年轻的和护理部的医务工作者。
英文摘要:
      To investigate the mental health status of medical workers in the third grade comprehensive hospitals in Fujian, so as to provide reference for intervention study. The General Health Questionnaire(GHQ) was conducted to survey 946 staff in 26 comprehensive hospitals in the third grade in Fujian Province. The mental health status of female medical staff was significantly worse than that of male medical staff(χ2=7.301,P=0.007); The mental health status of nurses was worse than those of clinical doctors, medical technicians and pharmaceutical staff(χ2=14.046,P=0.003); Young medical workers and those with shorter working years had significantly more psychological problems than older medical workers and those with longer working years(χ2=11.604,P=0.003;χ2=10.057,P=0.007); The psychological problems of medical workers with low professional titles were significantly worse than those with high professional titles(χ2=8.446,P=0.015); The health status of medical workers with only one minor child was better than that of medical workers without or with two minor children(χ2=9.369,P=0.009); The significant factors to predict the good mental health of medical workers were academic qualifications, exercise frequency, sense of social contribution and sense of social belonging. Advanced training and more exercises should be encouraged, the sense of contribution and belonging should be cultivated, and more attention should be paid on female staff, young staff and nurses.
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