文章摘要
武继文,雒 敏,钱宇丹.态度影响二孩生育吗?[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2019,(5):359~362
态度影响二孩生育吗?
Does attitude affect the birth of two children?
投稿时间:2018-10-05  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20190504
中文关键词: 二孩生育  态度  意愿  实证
英文关键词: birth of two children  attitude  intention  investigation
基金项目:江苏高校哲学社会科学研究基金 “基于计划行为理论的二孩生育行为研究”(2017SJB0286);江苏省社会科学应用研究精品工程立项项目 “全面二孩政策下青年生育意愿及影响因素调查研究——以南京地区为例”(16SYC-175)
作者单位
武继文 南京医科大学生物医学工程与信息学院江苏 南京 211166 
雒 敏 南京医科大学医政学院江苏 南京 211166 
钱宇丹 南京医科大学医政学院江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      通过计划行为理论的研究方法编制二孩生育态度问卷,在江苏省苏北地区SQ市和LY市县域内调查已育青年妇女,分析二孩生育态度对生育意愿、行为的影响。结果显示,态度项目中“生育二孩会诱发家庭矛盾”、“加重时间和精力负担”、“影响个人职业发展”的均分均低于2.6。自评家庭经济状况越好,二孩生育态度越积极(P<0.001);学历为初中以下者生育态度明显消极(P=0.003);全职妈妈的生育态度低于各类职员(P=0.006)。二孩生育意愿、行为与态度之间均存在非确定性因果关系(P<0.001)。政府应有针对性地开展二孩生育宣传与教育,尽快制定二孩生育配套政策,尤其是妇女就业、医疗、婴幼儿带教方面的优惠政策,切实减轻青年妇女生育二孩的各方面压力。
英文摘要:
      Through the research of planned behavior theory, the questionnaire on two?child fertility attitude was compiled. Questionnaires were distributed to young women who had children in the counties of SQ city and LY city in northern Jiangsu Province. The average score of “giving birth to a second child causes family conflicts”, “increasing the burden of time and energy” and “affecting personal career development” in this project were all lower than a score of 2.6. The better the self?evaluation of the family’s economic status, the more positive has been shown towards the positivity of having asecond?child (P<0.001), negative attitude is for those parents with a lower degree such as junior high school (P=0.003), and the willingness of having a second child for full?time employment mothers is lower than that of other types(P=0.006). There are non?deterministic causal relationships among the fertility intention, behavior and the attitude towards having a second child (P<0.001). The government should carry out targeted publicity and education for boosing the birth of two?child, and formulate supporting policies for two?child birth as soon as possible. In particular, preferential policies for women in employment, medical treatment and education for infants and young children should be implemented, so as to effectively ease the pressure on young women to have more than one child.
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