文章摘要
边迎光,,王金敖,,冯 祥,,冯学强.卫生监督执法风险因素研究与对策分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(3):256~261
卫生监督执法风险因素研究与对策分析
Risk factors of health supervision and law enforcement and countermeasure analysis
投稿时间:2020-01-05  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200211
中文关键词: 卫生监督  风险评估  风险矩阵  Borda序值
英文关键词: health supervision  risk assessment  risk matrix  Borda sequence value
基金项目:国家卫生和计划生育委员会监督中心研究课题“卫生计生综合监督风险评估与控制研究”(2015006)
作者单位
边迎光, 南京医科大学公共卫生学院 江苏 南京 211166 
王金敖, 南京医科大学公共卫生学院 江苏 南京 211166 
冯 祥, 南京医科大学公共卫生学院 江苏 南京 211166 
冯学强 南京医科大学公共卫生学院 江苏 南京 211166 
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中文摘要:
      卫生监督执法是卫生健康事业发展的重要保障,但当前卫生监督执法中存在着诸多问题,使得卫生监督执法人员在具体工作中面临巨大的执法风险。基于此,文章运用Delphi法、风险矩阵法、Borda序值法就存在于卫生监督执法过程中的风险因素进行综合分析,得出各风险因素的风险水平序列,其中风险水平位于前五位的风险因素依次为:编制数量不合理,人员数量不足;机构建设缺乏顶层设计,重视程度不够;卫生法律法规严重滞后;卫生监督网络不健全,基层乡镇监督力量薄弱;没有明确的法律直接规定卫生监督机构地位。同时提出针对性的控制措施,以期望实现卫生监督执法风险的可预防、可控制。
英文摘要:
      Health supervision and law enforcement is an important guarantee for the development of healthcare’s occupation, however, there are many problems in the current health supervision and law enforcement, which make supervisors facing with huge danger in their specific work. In our paper, Delphi method, risk matrix method and Borda sequence value method were used to comprehensively analyze the risk factors existing in health supervision and law enforcement, furthermore, the important order of the various factors were obtained. Among their items, the top 5 are: the unreasonable number of establishment and insufficient workers; the insufficient advanced institution building and unhealth laws and regulations; the seriously lagged health supervision network; imperfect township health supervision; the absence of relevant rules or laws to the status of health supervision agencies. At the same time, some specific control measurements needed to be carried out to prevent and control the risk of health supervision and law enforcement.
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