文章摘要
王 峥.日本医疗体制变革的历史回顾[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(4):313~316
日本医疗体制变革的历史回顾
Historical review of medical system reform in Japan
投稿时间:2019-09-16  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200403
中文关键词: 日本  医疗体制  医院  医生
英文关键词: Japan  medical system  hospital  doctor
基金项目:江西省高校人文社会科学研究项目“健康江西战略下的老年人医疗服务优化研究”(SH18204);江西省博士后科研项目择优资助“健康江西战略下医疗服务供给的适老化改革研究”(2019KY02);教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助项目“农村空巢老人养老问题研究——借鉴日本经验”
作者单位
王 峥 江西财经大学人文学院 江西 南昌 330032 
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中文摘要:
      日本在医学发展和医疗体制变迁过程中受到了欧美国家的极大影响,但明治维新时期的“西化”并未进行到底,二战后的“美化”也并未全面贯彻。日本的医疗体制在发展中既吸收了先进的西方经验,又保留了自己的特色,这对我国的医疗改革有一定的借鉴作用。文章追溯了日本不同时代的医疗体制变革情况,归纳总结了三个特征,即西化过程中保留了医疗传统,未影响百姓生活的前提下实现平稳过渡和医疗主体在多样性中寻求着利益平衡。
英文摘要:
      The development and evolution of medical system in Japan was greatly influenced by Europe and America. But the Japanese medical system hadn’t been completely westernized in the Meiji Restoration period, neither had after World War Ⅱ. The Japanese medical system not only have absorbed the advanced Western experience, but also retained its own characteristics. This has a certain reference effect on China’s medical reform. This paper traced the medical reform history in Japan during different periods, and sumed up three characteristics of the medical reform in Japan including keeping the medical tradition during the westernization process, the smooth transition that had never hampered people’s lives; the benefit balance which was soughtby different medical institutions during the medical reform.
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