文章摘要
李 婷,乌 兰,谢开鹏,丁虹娟.国家自然科学基金对妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病的资助情况分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2020,(6):568~573
国家自然科学基金对妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病的资助情况分析
Analysis of the funding situation of National Natural Science Foundation of China on pregnancy and pregnancy⁃related diseases
投稿时间:2020-04-13  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20200613
中文关键词: 国家自然科学基金  妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病  研究项目  领域
英文关键词: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)  pregnancy and pregnancy⁃related diseases  research project  field
基金项目:南京医科大学生殖医学国家重点实验室“中国出生队列—生殖相关专列队列”(SKLRM-UC201901);江苏省博士后科研资助计划“妊娠期糖尿病相关miRNA转录调控区遗传变异的易感性研究”(2020Z146)
作者单位
李 婷 南京医科大学附属妇产医院(南京市妇幼保健院)妇产科 江苏 南京 210004 
乌 兰 南京医科大学附属妇产医院(南京市妇幼保健院)妇产科 江苏 南京 210005 
谢开鹏 南京医科大学附属妇产医院(南京市妇幼保健院)妇女保健科医学研究中心 江苏 南京 210004 
丁虹娟 南京医科大学附属妇产医院(南京市妇幼保健院)妇产科 江苏 南京 210005 
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中文摘要:
      对国家自然科学基金在妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病领域的资助情况进行系统分析,掌握该领域的研究热点及发展趋势。通过国家自然科学基金会数据库,筛选并获取1986—2019年申报并获资成功的妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病的课题,分析资助项目类型、数目、资金数、研究方向以及资助单位,剖析该领域学科发展的态势。结果显示,1988年国家自然科学基金首次对妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病进行资助,1988—2019年,国家自然科学基金在妊娠及妊娠相关性疾病领域共计资助423项研究课题,其中面上项目202项(47.75%),青年科学基金项目166项(39.24%),地区科学基金项目25项(5.91%),其他30项(7.09%)。项目数量在1988—2000年为29项(6.86%) ,2001—2010年增至60项(14.18%),2011—2019年激增至334项 (78.96%)。资助金额共计16 077.65万元,呈波浪式上升趋势,分别在2005、2011、2013、2016及2018年出现资助波峰,2018年资助金额达年度最高为2 014万元。研究方向位居前三位的依次是妊娠期高血压病(47.75%)、滋养细胞疾病(22.70%) 和妊娠期糖尿病(12.29%)。国家自然科学基金对该领域的资助项目逐年增多,资助类型偏向多样化,资助金额总体呈现上升趋势,为该领域提供了更多的科研机会,增添了科研人才储备,为解决这类疾病提供了更多可能。
英文摘要:
      This study aims to analyze pregnancy and pregnancy?related diseases sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) systematicaly, grasp the research focus in the field and the development trend, thus provide a reference for researchers and clinical workers in this field. Through the database of NSFC of China to screen and gain funded project type, number,fund, research direction and the funding units from 1986 to 2019, to analyze the development trend of this field. In 1988, the NSFC funded this field for the first time. NSFC has funded a total of 423 research projects in the field from 1988 to 2019, including 202 general projects (47.75%), 166 youth projects (39.24%), 25 local projects (5.91%), and 30 other projects (7.09%). The number of projects was 29 (6.86%) from 1988 to 2000, increased to 60 (14.18%) from 2001 to 2010, and increased rapidly to 334 (78.96%) from 2011 to 2019. The total amount of funding was 160 776 500 yuan, showing a wavy upward trend. Funding peaks appeared in 2005, 2011, 2013, 2016 and 2018 respectively, and the annual maximum amount of funding in 2018 was 20.14 million yuan. The top three were gestational hypertension (47.75%), trophoblast (22.70%) and gestational diabetes (12.29%). The number of funded projects in this field increases year by year, the types of funding are more diversified, and the amount of funding generally shows an upward trend, which provides more research opportunities for this field. In this way, the fund can also be used to enhance scientific research capacity and increase the reserve of scientific research talents, so as to provide more possibilities for solving such diseases.
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