文章摘要
王璐颖,黄 强,蒋 訸.浅析灾疫救治中医务人员道德创伤的发生与治疗[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2021,(1):20~23
浅析灾疫救治中医务人员道德创伤的发生与治疗
Analysis on the occurrence and treatment of moral injury of medical staff in disaster and epidemic treatment
投稿时间:2020-05-17  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20210105
中文关键词: 道德创伤  灾疫情境  道德创伤发生  道德创伤治疗
英文关键词: moral injury  disaster epidemic situation  moral injury occurrence  moral injury treatment
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目“道德创伤:一种新的战争创伤范式”(2016M592210);国家社会科学基金军事学项目“道德创伤:军事创伤的实践转向”(2019-SKJJ-C-022);上海市哲学社会科学规划青年课题“医学生群体道德创伤防治与道德韧性建构研究”(2019EKS005);上海市教育科学一般项目“虚拟现实在医学生道德创伤教育防治中的应用研究”(C20038);上海市马克思主义中青年拔尖人才项目“灾疫情境中医务人员道德创伤防治与道德韧性建构”
作者单位
王璐颖 海军军医大学基础医学院上海 200433 
黄 强 中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九二四医院药剂科 广西 桂林 541002 
蒋 訸 海军军医大学基础医学院上海 200433 
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中文摘要:
      道德创伤是反道德行为和事件与个体或群体持守的道德准则发生背离,由此产生的心理、生理等创伤症状。由于它是一个复合型概念,涉及了伦理学、文化学、社会学等多学科。在灾疫情境中,医务人员面对疫情多变、感染率高、病患多等复杂局面,内心遵循的伦理观与外在道德实践很容易发生冲突,由此陷入道德两难。在此境遇中所做出的道德选择,一旦触发不可预料的后果,极易对个体造成道德创伤。基于此,应增强医务人员战胜疫情的信心,摒弃错误的道德认知,增强道德韧性,保持良好的道德心理。
英文摘要:
      Moral injury is a kind of psychological and physiological trauma caused by the deviation of anti?moral behaviors and events from the moral principles held by individuals or groups. Since it is a complex concept, involving ethics, culturology, sociology and other disciplines. In the disaster situation, facing the complicated situation such as the changeable epidemic situation, high infection rate and large number of patients, medical workers are easily in conflict between internal ethics and external moral practice, and thus fall into a moral dilemma. Once the moral choice made in this situation triggers the unpredictable consequences, it is easy to cause moral injury to the individuals. Based on this, we should help medical workers strengthen the confidence to overcome the epidemic, discard the wrong moral cognition, enhance the moral resilience, and keep good moral psychology.
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