文章摘要
谢彦琛.突发传染病疫情信息披露机制的立法完善[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2021,(4):327~333
突发传染病疫情信息披露机制的立法完善
Legislative improvement of the information disclosure mechanism of emergent infectious diseases
投稿时间:2021-05-25  
DOI:doi:10.7655/NYDXBSS20210404
中文关键词: 突发传染病  疫情信息披露  立法完善
英文关键词: infectious diseases  information disclosure of epidemic situation  legislative perfection
基金项目:基金项目:重庆市研究生科研创新项目“传染病疫情信息披露机制的立法完善”(CYS20160);西南政法大学地方立法研究学生项目“重庆市促进城乡融合发展立法研究”(DFLF202002)
作者单位
谢彦琛 西南政法大学行政法学院 重庆 401120 
摘要点击次数: 16
全文下载次数: 4
中文摘要:
      在突发传染病的应急管理中,疫情信息披露机制对疫情防控的效果起着极其重要的作用。疫情信息披露的理想机制应符合准确性、及时性、必要性的要求。然而通过现行法律法规的梳理,发现我国疫情信息披露机制存在着不明疫情信息披露缺乏可操作性规定、疫情信息披露主体规定不一、疫情信息披露内容亟须细化、疫情信息披露时限不明的弊病。另外,我国采取层级化的上报机制,同时,对传染病形成科学认识需要一个过程,这些都导致疫情信息披露机制受阻。《传染病防治法》(修订草案征求意见稿)对上述问题作出了一定回应,但仍有改进的空间。因此,应当构建层级化的疫情信息披露机制,分类疫情信息、明确披露内容和时限,建立疫情信息披露的社会参与机制,更好地为传染病疫情防控提供信息保障。
英文摘要:
      In the emergency management of infectious diseases, the information disclosure mechanism of epidemic situation plays an important role in the prevention and control of epidemic. The ideal mechanism of epidemic information disclosure should meet the requirements of accuracy, timeliness and necessity. However, through the analysis of the current laws and regulations, there are some disadvantages in the information disclosure mechanism of epidemic situation in China, such as the lack of operational provisions for the information disclosure of unknown epidemic situation, the different provisions for the main body of the information disclosure of epidemic situation, the urgent need to refine the content of the information disclosure of epidemic situation, and the unclear time limit for the information disclosure of epidemic situation. In addition, China adopts a hierarchical reporting mechanism, and it takes time to form scientific understanding of infectious diseases, which leads to the obstruction of the information disclosure mechanism. The Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases (Draft Revision for Comments) has made some responses to the above problems, but there is still room for improvement.Therefore, we should build a hierarchical information disclosure mechanism, classify the epidemic information, clarify the disclosure content and time limit, and establish a social participation mechanism of epidemic information disclosure, so as to provide better information guarantee for the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭