文章摘要
邵天泰,陈 任,郝 模,李程跃,胡 志.浙沪两地传染病防控工作效果适宜程度分析[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2019,(4):267~271
浙沪两地传染病防控工作效果适宜程度分析
Analysis on the appropriate degree of work effect for prevention and control of infectious diseases in Zhejiang and Shanghai
投稿时间:2019-01-22  
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBSS20190403
中文关键词: 传染病防控  法定报告传染病发病率  适宜程度评分  浙江  上海
英文关键词: infectious disease prevention and control  incidence of notifiable disease  performance score  Zhejiang  Shanghai
基金项目:上海市加强公共卫生体系建设三年行动计划(2015—2017年)项目(GWIV-32);安徽省高校智库项目[皖教工委(2015)271号];健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心科研基金
作者单位
邵天泰 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032安徽省健康发展战略研究中心安徽 合肥 230032健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心上海 200032 
陈 任 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032安徽省健康发展战略研究中心安徽 合肥 230032健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心上海 200032 
郝 模 健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心上海 200032复旦大学卫生发展战略研究中心上海 200032 
李程跃 健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心上海 200032复旦大学卫生发展战略研究中心上海 200032 
胡 志 安徽医科大学卫生管理学院安徽 合肥 230032安徽省健康发展战略研究中心安徽 合肥 230032健康相关重大社会风险预警协同创新中心上海 200032 
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中文摘要:
      探索浙沪两地法定传染病发病率及其差异的可信度,检验从研究者视角评价工作效果的可行性并探索准确评价工作效果的重要意义。收集两地传染病防控工作效果的相关文献,摘录其中关于工作效果的表述,并用“五分度评分法”进行赋值。采用Spearman相关、线性回归分析工作效果适宜程度与法定传染病发病率间的关系。结果显示,浙沪两地传染病防控工作效果适宜程度均呈现上升趋势,上海市从2000年的51.8%上升至2017年的64.7%,浙江省从34.4%上升至57.5%。且浙沪两地工作效果适宜程度与法定传染病发病率间均呈负相关,相关系数分别为-0.691和-0.625。研究结果提示,浙沪两地传染病防控工作效果得到改善,但仍有待提升;浙沪两地传染病防控工作效果适宜程度的提升对改善健康结果有重要影响;基于研究者视角量化评价传染病防控工作效果是可行的。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the incidence and the credibility of the differences of statutory legal infectious diseases in Zhejiang and Shanghai, the feasibility of evaluating the effect of work from the perspective of researchers and the importance of accurately evaluating the effect of work were examined. Collect relevant literature on the effects of prevention and control of infectious diseases, extract the expressions about the work effects, and assign them with the “five?point scale method”. Spearman correlation and linear regression were used to analyze the relationship between the appropriate degree of work effect and the incidence of legal infectious diseases. The results showed that the appropriate degree of prevention and control of infectious diseases in Zhejiang and Shanghai showed an upward trend. Shanghai increased from 51.8% in 2000 to 64.7% in 2017, and Zhejiang increased from 34.4% to 57.5%. Moreover, the appropriate degree of work effect between Zhejiang and Shanghai was negatively correlated with the incidence of legal infectious diseases, and the correlation coefficients were -0.691 and -0.625, respectively. The results suggested that the effect of prevention and control of infectious diseases in Zhejiang and Shanghai had been improved, but it still needs to be improved; the improvement of the appropriateness of work effect in Zhejiang and Shanghai had an important impact on improving health outcomes; quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of infectious disease prevention and control based on the perspective of researchers was feasible.
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