急性缺血性脑卒中（Acute Ischemic Stroke, AIS）具有高发病率、高致残率及高致死率的特点。近年来，血管内机械取栓治疗已经成为合并大血管闭塞的AIS标准治疗方法。对取出的颅内血栓进行组织病理学研究既能深入认识化血栓的组成,明确AIS的病因，还能根据不同患者的血栓特性选择优化的治疗手段，以及根据血栓成分的差异实施指导脑卒中的二级预防。以及改善临床预后。因此，本文将对近年来AIS颅内血栓的相关研究作一综述。
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is characterized by high morbidity, disability and mortality. In recent years, mechanical thrombectomy has become the standard treatment for AIS with large vessel occlusion, which has also enabled us to collect and analyze the thrombus retrieved from cerebral arteries. Thorough understandings of the type, characteristics and composition of thrombus can not only extend our recognition of the composition of the thrombus, but also help to assist in accurate diagnosis, treatment decision making and secondary prevention of stroke. This paper aims to review for AIS thrombus-relevant literature and propose for further research directions.