文章摘要
章蓉.中国城乡居民吸烟行为及其影响因素分析[J].南京医科大学学报,2014,(1):
中国城乡居民吸烟行为及其影响因素分析
The Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Behaviors and its Influencing Factors among Chinese Urban and Rural Residents
投稿时间:2013-07-09  修订日期:2013-12-03
DOI:10.7655/NYDXBNS201401026
中文关键词: 吸烟 行为 影响因素
英文关键词: Cigarette Smoking Behaviors Influencing factors
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
章蓉 东南大学 770665828@qq.com 
摘要点击次数: 628
全文下载次数: 569
中文摘要:
      目的了解中国城乡居民吸烟现状及其吸烟行为影响因素,为开展控烟教育及行为干预提供依据。 方法 使用中国健康与营养调查(CHNS)2009年数据,对9995名(男4763人,女5232人)18周岁及以上居民的吸烟行为,包括吸烟率、现在吸烟率、重型吸烟率、平均吸烟量等进行描述性分析并对数据进行二元 Logistic 回归分析,探讨我国城乡居民吸烟行为影响因素。 结果 我国18周岁及以上居民吸烟率为31.06%,现在吸烟率为27.65%,男女性现在吸烟率分别为 54.25%和3.44%,男性高于女性。吸烟者开始吸烟年龄中位数为 20 岁,现在吸烟者日均吸烟中位数为 20 支。Logistic 逐步回归分析显示,性别(OR=0.039,95%CI:0.033~0.046)、文化程度(OR=0.797,95%CI:0.738~0.861)、饮酒(OR=2.406,95%CI:2.138~2.709)和家庭人均年收入(OR=0.870,95%CI:0.786~0.964)是吸烟的相关影响因素,在以医生或教师,未婚和70~组为对照时,职业,婚姻状况和年龄亦是吸烟的影响因素。 结论 我国城乡居民的吸烟率依旧很高,烟草控制仍然面临着巨大的挑战,应采取有针对性的措施加强控烟工作。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the cigarette smoking behaviors and its influencing factors among Chinese urban and rural residents. Methods The data of 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey was used for the analysis. 9995 subjects(male 4763,female 5232) aged 18 years and above were involved. The index of smoking pattern included smoking rate, current smoking rate, heavy smoking rate and average numbers of cigarettes smoked per day. Binary logistic regression was applied to analyze the data. Results The smoking rate was 31.06%. The current smoking rate was 27.65% (male 54.25% and female 3.44% ). The currently smokers lighted up their first cigarette when they were 20 years old in median and their consumption were averagely 20 sticks everyday. The Logistic Stepwise Regression analysis showed sex(OR=0.039,95%CI:0.033~0.046), education(OR=0.797,95%CI:0.738~0.861), alcohol drinking(OR=2.406,95%CI:2.138~2.709) and family income(OR=0.870,95%CI:0.786~0.964) were found to be the influencing factors for individual smoking. Conclusion The resident smoking rate was still very high in China. The tobacco control in China is still facing the great challenge. Effective intervention measures should be implemented to control the tobacco use.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭