文章摘要
彭明琦.南京城区儿童急性中毒的临床流行病学研究[J].南京医科大学学报,2007,(8):895~898
南京城区儿童急性中毒的临床流行病学研究
Clinical epidemiological study on acute poisoning in children in Nanjing city
投稿时间:2007-01-22  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 儿童  急性中毒  误服药物
英文关键词: children  acute poisoning  drug misusage
基金项目:
作者单位
彭明琦 南京医科大学附属南京儿童医院急诊科,江苏 南京 210008 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解近年来南京城区儿童急性中毒的发生状况,分析其变化特征及可能的原因?方法:采用回顾性调查的方法,收集整理2004~2006年本院急诊科收治的来自南京城区的儿童急性中毒病例,分析病例的一般资料?中毒类型以及急性中毒在不同年龄和不同季节的分布特征?结果:儿童中毒呈现明显的年龄特征,学龄前儿童占93%,以2岁年龄组居多(32.5%);误服药物是中毒的主要原因,占66.5%,且儿童误服成人药物的比例较高,误服降压药(19.1%)者显著高于其他药物引起的中毒;不同季节儿童中毒的发生有一定变化,夏秋季高于春冬季,各季节中儿童中毒类型也不相同,药物?农药?日用化学品和食物中毒分别在四个季节中占据主导地位?结论:误服药物引起的中毒是南京城区儿童急性中毒的重要因素?因此应加强药物的管理,规范药品的使用,以减少城区儿童急性中毒的发生?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To investigate the current status of acute poisoning in children in Nanjing city and analysis on its variation characterization and possible reason distribution. Methods:Local pediatric patients hospitalized for acute poisoning at Nanjing Children’s Hospital over a 3 year period(2004~2006) were evaluated retrospectively. Special attention was given to poisoning in relation to type, distribution in age and season, and general information as well. Results:The acute poisoning in children presented at special age. The frequency of children before school age was 93%, especially at the age of 2 years(32.5%). Drugs were the most common agent of poisoning(66.5%) and mostly were adult drugs such as drugs to depress blood-pressure(19.1%). The frequency of acute poisoning was higher in summer and autumn than that in spring and winter. The agents of poisoning between four seasons were different. Drug, pesticide, househood chemicals and food was the most agent in four seasons, respectively. Conclusion:The poisoning induced by drug misusage in children is the most frequent type of poisoning in Nanjing. Therefore, the standardized management and usage for drug should be strengthened in order to reduce the local occurrence of acute poisoning in children.
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