文章摘要
倪〓敏,孙〓骏,陆〓叶.江苏省2008年新型毒品“冰毒”滥用监测资料分析[J].南京医科大学学报,2009,29(10):1389~1394
江苏省2008年新型毒品“冰毒”滥用监测资料分析
Analysis of surveillance data of Ice abuse in 2008 in Jiangsu province
投稿时间:2009-04-02  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 冰毒  新型毒品  药物滥用  分析
英文关键词: Ice(metamfetamine)  new drugs  drug abuse  analysis
基金项目:
作者单位
倪〓敏 江苏省药品不良反应监测中心暨药物滥用监测中心,江苏 南京〓210002 
孙〓骏  
陆〓叶  
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解江苏省2008年新型毒品“冰毒”的滥用流行情况?方法:采用国家药物滥用监测中心编制的《药物滥用监测调查表》,对2008年江苏省戒毒机构收治的和缉毒部门查获的“冰毒”滥用者进行问卷调查?结果:在1 029例“冰毒”滥用者中,男性占82.70%,女性占17.30%?平均年龄(29.73±7.32)岁,其中男性年龄(30.81±7.10)岁,女性(24.55±6.03)岁;男?女不同性别组的25岁以下年龄者分别占25.14%?65.73%,差异具有显著性(P < 0.01)?药物滥用者中初中及高中(中专/技校)文化程度者占79.01%,未婚者占52.58%,无业者占72.79%;男?女不同性别组娱乐场所从业人员分别占1.76%?16.85%,差异具有显著性(P < 0.01)?“满足好奇感”(64.92%)是滥用药物的主要原因?“同伴提供”(65.60%)和“娱乐场所”(30.81%)是获得“冰毒”的主要渠道,“暂住地/宾馆/租住房”(51.41%)是滥用药物的主要场所?52.28%的被调查者的平均月耗费在2 000~8 000元?64.33% “冰毒”滥用者为单一滥用者,滥用药物方式主要为烫吸(85.23%)?结论:本地区“冰毒”滥用者具有较为明显的人口学特征和药物滥用行为特征?针对“冰毒”滥用现状,需要加强对青少年(尤其女性)的预防教育工作,加强对“暂住地?宾馆?租住房”和“娱乐场所”的管理?
英文摘要:
      Objective:To understand the situation of Ice(metamfetamine) abuse in Jiangsu province in 2008. Methods:An investigation and analysis were conducted among 1 029 Ice abusers who were under treatment in Jiangsu detoxification settings or captured by drug control units in 2008 with the Drug Abuse Monitor Survey Questionnaire designed by National Surveillance Center of Drug Abuse. Results:Among the 1 029 Ice abusers,male accounted for 82.70%,while female 17.30%. The average age was 29.73±7.32 with male 30.81±7.10 and female 24.55±6.03. Among those aged under 25 years,male accounted for 25.14%,while female 65.73%. It showed significant difference(P < 0.01) compared male with female in the group aged under 25. For the education level,79.01% of the abusers had middle or senior education. 52.58% was single. 72.79% had no job. 1.76% was female while 16.85% male among the poulation worked in creation sites,which also showed significant difference(P < 0.01). The main reason for abusing Ice was satisfying curiosity(64.92%). Peers(65.60%) and creation sites(30.81%) were the main sources for them to get Ice. Temporary living places,hotels,rented houses(51.41%) were the main places Ice abuse took place. The average money spent per month by 52.28% abusers was 2 000~8 000 RMB. 64.33% abusers were single users with 85.23% chasing dragon. Conclusion:Ice abusers have obvious social demographic and behavioral characteristics in Jiangsu province. The results suggest that drug abuse education and prevention should be strengthened on young people especially women,and administration for temporary living places,hotels and rented houses,creation sites also should be enhanced.
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