文章摘要
钱玉梅,孟国祥,汪〓淼.某军校大学生心理健康状况调查[J].南京医科大学学报,2009,29(10):1410~1414
某军校大学生心理健康状况调查
Investigation on psychological health condition of military cadets
投稿时间:2009-03-23  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 军校大学生  心理健康  症状自评量表  艾森克人格问卷
英文关键词: cadets  psychological health  self-rating symptom scale  Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ)
基金项目:
作者单位
钱玉梅 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京〓210029 
孟国祥 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京〓210029 
汪〓淼 解放军国际关系学院门诊部,江苏 南京〓210039 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解某军校大学生的心理健康状况及其影响因素,以便有针对性的开展心理咨询和疏导工作,为进行心理健康教育提供依据?方法:采用SCL-90症状自评量表?艾森克人格问卷(EPQ),对某军校600名一年级学生进行测试,与各种常模进行比较,并进行不同类别间的组间差异比较和相关分析?结果:阳性标准≥160的人数为45人,占8.8%?不同生源军校大一新生其心理健康水平有显著性差异?军校大学生SCL-90的各项因子分均低于全国正常人常模?中国军人常模和全国大学生常模?军校大学生的心理问题排在前5位的因子是:强迫?人际关系?躯体化因子?焦虑和抑郁?军校大学生的心理健康与其人格特征中的内外向和神经质有显著性相关?结论:军校大学生心理健康总体状况是比较好的,它受家庭和社会等多方面的影响,与大学生的人格特征有显著的相关性,学校应根据学生及学校的实际情况有针对性的开展心理健康教育,以提高军校大学生的综合素质?
英文摘要:
      Objective:The aim of the study is to make a full understanding of military cadets’ psychological condition and the related elements so as to provide evidences for psychological health education. In the meantime,the analysis could help give pertinently the psychological consultation to the cadets. Methods:SCL-90 self-rating symptom scale and Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) were applied to test 600 freshmen of a military academy. Compared the results with some regular parametres,the differences among various groups were analyzed. Results:The number of cadets with positive criterion≥160 was 45,which was 8.8% of the total number. The psychological condition of the freshmen from different hometowns was remarkably different. The SCL-90 factors of cadets are lower than the factors of local youth,military servicemen and local university students. The first five factors of the cadets’ psychological problems were compulsion,personal relationship,somatization factor,anxiety and depression. The cadets’ psychological condition was connected with their internal and external characters and also with their nerves. Conclusion:The general condition of the military cadets’ psychology is comparatively good. It is influenced by various factors like family background,society and is closely related with the character of the cadets. We must build up proper psychological education system according to the real condition of the cadets in the academy through which the military cadets’ comprehensive quality might be effectively improved.
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