文章摘要
孙培文,余美文,严良斌,沈建平,张国成.中国2010年麻风病流行病学特征分析[J].南京医科大学学报,2012,(2):155~159
中国2010年麻风病流行病学特征分析
Epidemiological analysis on leprosy in China,2010
投稿时间:2011-10-02  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 麻风病  流行病学  新发现病例
英文关键词: leprosy  epidemiology  newly detected case
基金项目:中国—荷兰麻风病防治合作项目(4129701)
作者单位
孙培文 中国医学科学院皮肤病研究所,中国疾病预防控制中心麻风病控制中心,江苏 南京 210042 
余美文 中国医学科学院皮肤病研究所,中国疾病预防控制中心麻风病控制中心,江苏 南京 210042 
严良斌 中国医学科学院皮肤病研究所,中国疾病预防控制中心麻风病控制中心,江苏 南京 210042 
沈建平 中国医学科学院皮肤病研究所,中国疾病预防控制中心麻风病控制中心,江苏 南京 210042 
张国成 中国医学科学院皮肤病研究所,中国疾病预防控制中心麻风病控制中心,江苏 南京 210042 
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中文摘要:
      目的:研究2010年全国麻风病流行病学特征,为麻风病防治工作提供依据?方法:收集2010年度全国麻风病疫情监测资料,进行描述性分析?结果:2010年度共发现新麻风病例1 324例,发现率为0.099/10万,其中儿童占2.9%?多菌型占84.9%?Ⅱ级畸残占22.5%?2010年度共发现复发病例96例,其中35例为联合化疗后复发?至2010年底全国尚有现症病例6 032例,患病率为0.450/10万,其中2 886例尚在接受联合化疗?结论:全国麻风病总体仍处于低流行水平,但地区分布不均衡,重点流行地区为西南省份,如云南?四川?贵州等?麻风病是公众卫生和社会问题,为减轻疾病负担和消除麻风危害,仍需要持续多年的投入和努力?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To study the epidemiological characteristics of leprosy and to provide evidences for specific strategies on leprosy control. Methods: Descriptive analysis was carried out based on the data of 2010 from the national leprosy surveillance system. Results: A total number of 1 324 new cases were detected in 2010 with a case detection rate of 0.099 per 100 000 population. The proportions of children under 15-year-old,multibacillary and disability grade 2 were 2.9%,84.9%,22.5%,respectively. A total number of 96 relapse cases were reported,among which 35 cases were those relapsed after multi-drug therapy. The registered cases were 6 032 by the end of 2010 with a prevalence rate of 0.450 per 100 000 populations,among which 2 886 cases were in the progress of multi-drug therapy. Conclusion: In China,the overall leprosy situation is still at low endemic but the distribution is unequal,with pocket areas in southwest such as Yunnan,Sichuan and Guizhou provinces. In order to reduce the burden of the disease and reach the target of leprosy elimination,which was considered as a public health and social problem,the input and efforts are needed for many years.
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