文章摘要
王晓丽,周亚夫.南京高校大学生预防艾滋病同伴教育效果评价[J].南京医科大学学报,2008,28(4):332~335
南京高校大学生预防艾滋病同伴教育效果评价
Evaluation of the peer education of AIDS prevention in colleges and universities in Nanjing
投稿时间:2008-08-21  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 艾滋病  同伴教育  效果评价
英文关键词: AIDS  peer education  evaluation
基金项目:
作者单位
王晓丽 南京医科大学 公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210029 
周亚夫  
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中文摘要:
      目的:评价南京地区大学生预防艾滋病同伴教育的近期效果,为今后高校大学生预防艾滋病的健康教育提供依据?方法:2007年10月~2008年4月随机抽取南京地区15所高校4 500名大学生进行艾滋病相关知识?态度?行为的基线调查,然后从中随机分层整群抽取1 400名一年级至三年级在校学生进行同伴教育培训,作为同伴教育干预组,按同样的方法另选取2 000名学生作为同期对照组,半年后再进行相关认知调查,根据认知情况评价干预效果?结果:在对艾滋病相关知识的知晓率?安全性行为?艾滋病患者等问题持正向/积极态度或行为意向
英文摘要:
      To evaluate the immediate effectiveness of peer education on AIDS prevention and provide bases for AIDS prevention education. Methods: A survey was conducted in October 2007 among 4 500 students from 15 colleges and universities in Nanjing on students’ knowledge, attitude and behavior concerning AIDS. A training program for AIDS prevention peer education was carried out among 1 400 college students of Grade 1 to Grade 3 selected by the methods of stratified cluster sampling in these colleges and universities. A parallel comparison group was then made about the effectiveness of the peer education, students receiving training as the intervention group and another 2 000 students not receiving training as the control group. Results: Comparing the proportions of knowing AIDS’s relative knowledge, having positive attitude to safe sex behavior and AIDS patients, the intervention group was significantly higher than pre-intervention group and parallel control group(P<0.05). The comparison between pre-intervention group and parallel control groups showed no statistical significances on several survey items(P>0.05). Conclusion: Peer education is suitable for university students and has good immediate effectiveness. The application and generalization of this effective means plays a highly important role in preventing and controlling the spread of AIDS.
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