文章摘要
周王艳,吉 珂,陈家应.我国农村居民健康相关生命质量及其影响因素分析[J].南京医科大学学报,2011,(3):189~193
我国农村居民健康相关生命质量及其影响因素分析
Health-related quality of life and factors among rural residents in China
投稿时间:2011-05-04  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 健康相关生命质量  EQ-5D  农村居民  健康影响因素
英文关键词: health-related quality of life  EQ-5D  rural resident  health factors
基金项目:
作者单位
周王艳 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
吉 珂 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
陈家应 南京医科大学医政学院,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:评价我国农村居民的健康相关生命质量,并分析其影响因素?方法:采用欧洲五维度健康量表(EQ-5D)对我国农村居民的健康状况进行测量?结果:东?中?西部地区居民健康状况存在明显的地区差异;女性健康状况低于男性;受教育程度越高,健康状况相对越好;低收入人群面临更多健康问题;疼痛/不适和焦虑/抑郁两维度存在问题较多?结论:在卫生政策制定时,要关注农村居民的主要健康问题,重点保护妇女?老人?低收入人群等弱势群体的健康,提高健康公平性?
英文摘要:
      Objective: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural residents in China and analyze health-related factors. Methods: EQ-5D instrument was used to measure the health state. Results: People’s health in east, middle and west China were different obviously. Women’s health was worse than men. People with higher education had better health while low-income population were meeting more health problems. More people had problems at the dimensions of “pain/discomfort” and “anxiety/depression”. Conclusions: Health policy making should pay more attention to people’s main health problems. Health of vulnerable groups such as women, the elderly, low-income people should be protected as a top priority in order to improve equity in health.
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