文章摘要
Peter K. Ngure,Albert Kimutai,Zipporah W. Ng’ang’a,Geoffrey Rukunga,Willy K. Tonui.[J].南京医科大学学报,2009,29(2):79~86
A review of Leishmaniasis in Eastern Africa
投稿时间:2009-01-30  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 
英文关键词: Leishmaniasis  cutaneous  visceral  Eastern Africa
基金项目:
作者单位
Peter K. Ngure Science Department, Daystar University, Nairobi 44400-00100, Kenya 
Albert Kimutai Kenyatta University, Nairobi 43844, Kenya 
Zipporah W. Ng’ang’a Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi 62000, Kenya 
Geoffrey Rukunga Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi 54840,Kenya 
Willy K. Tonui Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi 54840,Kenya 
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中文摘要:
      
英文摘要:
      The review presents the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in the Eastern Africa region. We searched PUB MED and MEDLINE with several key words-namely,“leishmaniasis”;“cutaneous”,“diffuse cutaneous”,“mucosal”, and“visceral leishmaniasis”; “kala azar”and “post kala azar dermal leishmaniasis”-for recent clinical and basic science articles related to leishmaniasis in countries in the Eastern Africa region. Poverty, wars, conflicts and migration have significantly aggravated leishmaniases in Eastern Africa. Of particular concern is the increasing incidence of Leishmania-HIV co-infection in Ethiopia where 20~40% of the persons affected by visceral leishmaniasis are HIV-co-infected. Sudan has the highest prevalence rate of post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis(PKDL) in the world, a skin complication of visceral leishmaniasis(VL) that mainly afflicts children below age ten. In view of its spread to previously non-endemic areas and an increase in imported cases, leishmaniasis in Eastern Africa should be considered a health emergency.
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