为了探讨医疗服务可及性与居民健康状况之间的关系，并在此基础上提出可行性的参考建议，选取自评健康作为健康指标，利用中国家庭追踪调查(China Family Panel Studies，CFPS) 2014年、2016年和2018年三期数据整理成面板数据，运用随机效应 Logit 回归模型进行分析。结果显示，“一般性疾病的就医机构等级”和“医疗费用占家庭人均年收入的比重”与居民自评健康呈负相关。“对医疗水平的评价”“对医生的信任度”和“家庭人均纯收入”与居民自评健康呈正相关。医疗服务可及性与居民健康状况之间存在显著关系，提升医疗服务可及性能够有效改善居民的健康状况。
This study was aimed to explore the relationship between the accessibility of medical services and the residents’health to make feasible reference suggestions. The self ? rated health was selected as the health indicator while the three phases of the China Family Panel Studies(CFPS)data in 2014，2016 and 2018 were used to organize the panel data. On this basis the random effects Logit model was used for analysis. The results showed that the level of medical institutions for general diseases and the proportion of medical expenses in the family’s per capita annual income were negatively associated with residents’self?rated health. Evaluation on medical level，trust in doctors and family net income per capita were positively related to residents’self ? rated health. There was a significant relationship between the accessibility of medical services and the health status of residents. Therefore，improving the accessibility of medical services can effectively improve the health status of residents.