反刍思维对实习护生职业成熟度的影响
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1.南京医科大学第一临床医学院;2.南京医科大学护理学院

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江苏省高校品牌专业建设工程项目(苏教高〔2015〕11号);2019年江苏省研究生教育教学改革课题JGZZ19_051(苏学位字〔2019〕4号)


The effect of rumination on the career maturity of nursing interns
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1.Nursing college of Nanjing Medical University;2.The first clinical medical college of Nanjing Medical University

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    摘要:

    目的:了解实习护生的反刍思维及职业成熟度现状,发掘二者之间的相关性。方法:采用分层便利抽样法于2018年6月-12月在南京十二所医院选取处于实习阶段的护理本科、高职(三年制)、高职(五年制)学生共868人为研究对象进行问卷调查。结果:临床实习护生的职业成熟度平均为(3.07±0.28)分,处于中等水平;反刍思维平均为(22.71±4.70)分,其中强迫思考(12.05±2.58)分,高于反省深思(10.67±2.48)分;护生的反刍思维水平与职业成熟度呈正相关。结论:经历临床负性事件的护生多存在反刍思维,而反刍思维与护生的职业成熟度呈正相关,在临床实习带教中应注重学生的心理健康,对经历临床负性事件的护生多加引导,帮助其将强迫思考转化为反省深思,从而促进职业成熟度的提升。

    Abstract:

    Objective: This study aimed to explore the correlation between the two patients by measuring the rumination and the status of career maturity in clinical practice nursing students, and to provide a basis for the formulation of targeted intervention measures to improve the career maturity of the nursing students. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in this study. With the stratified convenient sampling method, 868 nursing intern students were selected from twelve hospitals in Nanjing through June to December 2018.The general data questionnaire, The Career Maturity Inventory (CMI) and the Ruminative Response Scale(RRS-10) were used. Results: The average level of occupational maturity of 868 clinical nursing students was (3.07±0.28), in the middle level; The average level of rumination was (22.71±4.70), among which brooding (12.05±2.58) was higher than reflective pondering (10.67±2.48); Nursing students' rumination were related to career maturity (P<0.05). Conclusion: The nursing students in clinical practice mostly have rumination which affect their career maturity. In the teaching of clinical practice, nurses should pay attention to students' mental health and the status of ruminant thinking, pay attention to the vocational development planning education of the nursing students, take measures to guide the students actively and advantageously, and then improve their career maturity level.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-10-23
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-10
  • 录用日期:2020-10-20
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