乙肝歧视消失了吗?——来自内外态度的双系统证据
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阳光学院 人文与传播学院

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Does hepatitis b discrimination disappear? Attitude from inside and outside the dual system of evidence
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    摘要:

    目的 调查人们对乙肝病毒携带者的外显和内隐歧视态度,为当下乙肝防控工作提供实证依据。方法 采取随机取样的方法,抽取福州市某高校210名在校大学生进行外显态度的问卷调查,并从中随机选取30名大学生使用内隐联想测验进行内隐态度的测量。结果 外显态度上有38.4%的人存在乙肝歧视,分别体现在标记(39.2%)、刻板印象(47.9%)、区分(40.1%)和歧视(26.4%)四个维度上,而内隐态度测验的D值为0.03,显示也存在乙肝歧视态度。结论 中国社会的乙肝歧视未完全消失,人们对乙肝病毒携带者最明显的刻板印象是卫生习惯不好,因此在亲密关系和生活空间上进行区分和隔离,不过当下对乙肝病毒携带者工作和学习权利的保障具有了普遍共识。

    Abstract:

    Objective to investigate the explicit and implicit discriminatory attitudes towards carriers of hepatitis b virus (HBV) and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of HBV. Methods 210 undergraduates from a university in Fuzhou were selected by random sampling to conduct an explicit attitude survey, and 30 undergraduates were randomly selected by using implicit association test to measure implicit attitudes. Results: in terms of explicit attitude, 38.4% of the people had hepatitis b discrimination, which was reflected in the four dimensions of marker (39.2%), stereotype (47.9%), discrimination (40.1%) and discrimination (26.4%), respectively. The D value of implicit attitude test was 0.03, indicating that hepatitis b discrimination also existed. Conclusion hepatitis b discrimination in Chinese society has not completely disappeared. People's most obvious stereotype of hepatitis b virus carriers is poor hygiene habits. Therefore, they differentiate and isolate the carriers in intimate relationship and living space.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-11-02
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-20
  • 录用日期:2020-10-20
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