1.南京医科大学;2.1.南京医科大学医政学院;3.2.南京医科大学全球健康中心;4.南京医科大学健康江苏研究院 南京 211166
1. School of Health Policy & Management of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China;2. Center for Global Health of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China
目的 分析用人单位对卫生管理人才实践能力的需求现状及影响因素，为优化卫生管理人才培养模式提供科学依据。方法 采用便利抽样的方法随机选择在卫生管理毕业生主要就业单位工作的南京医科大学校友作为调查对象，通过自制调查问卷采集信息，共回收有效问卷369份。采用方差分析和多因素有序logistic回归进行统计分析。结果 用人单位对卫生管理毕业生的团队协作能力和人际沟通能力需求最高；在新医改背景下，大数据分析能力和政策解读与分析能力是用人单位最为看重的。回归分析显示，三甲医院对实践能力的需求高于非三甲医院；工作年限越长，认为实践能力越重要；卫生事业管理专业组对实践能力的需求高于护理专业组。结论 明确卫生管理人才实践能力培养目标；革新卫生管理专业教学模式；创设卫生管理专业实践能力培养环境。
Objective to analyze the current demand and its influencing factors for the practical ability of health management talents from the perspective of employers, to provide scientific basis for optimizing the training mode of health management talents. Methods A self-made questionnaire survey was conducted among the alumni of Nanjing Medical University who worked in the main employers of health management graduates. The sample was randomly selected by convenient sampling method. ANOVA and multiple ordered regression model were used to analyze the risk factors of demand of practical ability. Results Employers had the highest demands on the teamwork ability and interpersonal communication ability of health management graduates. Under the background of the new medical reform, big data analysis ability and policy interpretation and analysis ability were the most valued by employers. As we can see from regression model, the demand of practical ability of grade A class 3 hospitals was higher than not grade A class 3 hospitals. The demand of practical ability increased with work years. The demand of practical ability of health management group was higher than nurse group. Conclusion Clarifying the training objectives of practical ability of health management talents; innovate the teaching mode of health management students; create an environment for cultivating professional practice ability of health management students.