Anhui Medical University
近年来，公共卫生应急事件频繁发生，不仅对人民群众的生命和心理健康产生严重危害还对社会经济发展产生巨大影响。如何应对公共卫生应急，不能仅靠政府的力量，社会的参与也是必不可少的，所以社会组织参与公共卫生应急处置就显得极其重要。本研究通过建立 PEST-SWOT 模型，全面分析社会组织参与公共卫生应急的内外部环境（优势、劣势、机遇和威胁），并从政治、经济、社会、技术 4 个方面对内外部环境进行细致分析，为社会组织更好的参与公共卫生应急处置提出发展战略和政策建议，为新时期社会组织开展公共卫生应急处置工作提供参考依据。
Abstract:In recent years, public health emergency incidents have occurred frequently, which not only caused serious harm to the lives and mental health of the people, but also had a huge impact on social and economic development. How to respond to a public health emergency cannot rely solely on the power of the government. Social participation is also essential. Therefore, it is extremely important for social organizations to participate in public health emergency response. By establishing the PEST-SWOT model, this study comprehensively analyzes the internal and external environments (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) of social organizations participating in public health emergency, and conducts a detailed analysis of the internal and external environments from the four aspects of politics, economy, society, and technology.To propose development strategies and policy recommendations for social organizations to better participate in public health emergency response, and to provide a reference for social organizations to carry out public health emergency response work in the new era.