1.2020年安徽省教育厅高校人文社会科学研究重点项目“人工智能医学应用的伦理问题及对策研究”；2.2021年安徽省科技厅科技创新战略与软科学研究专项计划项目“安徽省临床医学研究中心创新策源能力培育与提升研究”；3.2019年国家自然科学基金面上项目“社会资本视角下公民社会组织参与健康老龄化策略研究”（71874002）; 4.2021年国家自然科学基金国际（地区）合作交流项目 “基于人工智能的老年长期照护资源配置研究”(2021)国科金外资助字第(72111530207)号
1.School of Health Management, Anhui Medical University;2.Suzhou Hospital Affiliated of Anhui Medical University
1.Key project of Humanities and Social Science research in Colleges and universities of Anhui Education Department in 2020"Research on ethical problems and countermeasures of medical application of artificial intelligence";2.Science and Technology Innovation Strategy and Soft Science Research Special Program of Science and Technology Department of Anhui Province in 2021"Cultivation and Improvement of innovation policy Source Capacity of Anhui Clinical Medical Research Center" ;3. National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2019"Research on strategies for civil society organizations to participate in healthy aging from the perspective of social capital"；4.International (regional) Cooperation and exchange project of National Natural Science Foundation of China in 2021"Allocation of long-term care resources for the elderly based on artificial intelligence"
Abstract: Objective: To understand the cognition of ethical problems in the medical application of artificial intelligence (AI) among medical personnel in public hospital, and analyze its influencing factors, so as to provide suggestions for improving the medical personnel’s ethical cognition and ethical decision-making ability in the application of artificial intelligence in medical field in public hospitals. Methods: A total of 813 medical personnel were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire by convenient sampling method in a tertiary public hospital in Anhui Province. Results: The channels for medical personnel to understand the ethical problems in the medical application of AI were diversified, mainly through news information and popular science articles. Medical personnel believed that security risk and privacy protection were the most important ethical issues in the medical application of AI, with a high proportion of 76.1% and 64.9% respectively. The length of medical service, professional titles and understanding of AI medical application of medical staff in the public hospital were related to their cognition of ethical problems in AI medical application (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Most medical personnel have a low understanding of the application of AI in medicine and its ethical problems, and they are lack of systematic cognition. we should strengthen the education and training of medical personnel on the ethical knowledge in AI medical application, take effective measures to improve the ethical cognition and ability of medical personnel in the medical application of AI, standardize the development of the algorithm of medical AI technology, improve the ethical supervision system of medical AI, and promote relevant legislation, so as to promote the reliable development of medical artificial intelligence.