文章摘要
钟 珊,季晓辉.江苏省部分城市社区居民健康知识与行为的调查及干预[J].南京医科大学学报(社会科学版),2012,(2):96~101
江苏省部分城市社区居民健康知识与行为的调查及干预
Investigation and intervention of the health knowledge and healthy behavior of community residents in Jiangsu provinc
投稿时间:2012-01-30  
DOI:10.7655
中文关键词: 居民  健康知识  健康行为  干预
英文关键词: residents  health knowledge  health behavior  intervention
基金项目:
作者单位
钟 珊 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210029 
季晓辉 南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 210029 
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中文摘要:
      目的:了解江苏省部分城市社区居民在干预前后健康知识知晓率和健康行为形成率,掌握江苏省城市社区健康教育的实际情况,为江苏省城市社区健康教育的发展提供依据?方法:对12个社区的1 800名居民采用统一的方法进行问卷调查,评价健康教育干预后的效果?结果:“预防流感措施”?“糖尿病的诊断标准”?“35岁以上人群测量血压的频率”?“狗?猫咬伤后的处理”?“食用碘盐的好处”5项知识的知晓率低于50%,“正确使用抽油烟机”?“生熟刀分开”?“近一年参加过体检”?“三个月更换一次牙刷”?“正确的口腔卫生方法”?“洗澡毛巾晾挂在阳台”?“及时洗手”?“不随地吐痰”8项健康行为的形成率低于50%;健康教育干预后,社区居民在健康知识知晓率方面有显著提高,而健康行为形成率尚无显著提高?结论:继续加强城市社区健康教育,提高居民的健康知识水平,促进居民健康行为的形成?
英文摘要:
      Objective: Before and after health education intervention,the situation of grasping health knowledge and healthy behavior were discovered among the community residents in part of Jiangsu province. The actual situation of the development of community health education was studied in Jiangsu province,and health education activities in communities were guided. Methods:By questionnaire survey,1 800 residents in 12 communities were investigated,and the effectiveness of health education intervention was evaluated. Results:Less than 50% people had sense of the knowledge on “prevention of influenza”,“the diagnosis of diabetes”,“the frequency of measurement of blood pressure in people over 35 years of age”,“the treatment after dog and cat bite”,and “the benefits of iodized salt”. Less than 50% of the subjects were aware of “how to properly use range hoods”,“how to separate raw and cooked”,“how to participate in health check over the past year”,“how to replace a toothbrush every three months”,“how to correct method of oral hygiene”,“how to bath towel hangs on the balcony”,“how to wash hands in time”,and “how to do not spit”. After the intervention,though the healthy behavior was observed no significantly improved,the degree of knowing health knowledge of community residents had significantly improved. Conclusion:Urban community health education should be strengthened consistently,people’s health knowledge should be enhanced,and the development of residents of health behavior should be promoted.
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